Ajaccio (French: [ aʒaksjo ], Italian: [ ajattʃo ], Corsican: Aiacciu [ ajaʧ ː u] ) is a commune with 66 809 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2011 ) and the capital of the Mediterranean island of Corsica.
Within the outline of France Ajaccio is the capital of Corse ( Corsica) region, and seat of the prefecture of the department of Corse -du -Sud ( South Corsica ).
Ajaccio is located on the northern shore of the gulf of the same name at the southern west coast of Corsica.
About ten miles to the west, the Gulf of Ajaccio lies the island group L'archipel of sanguinaires.
At the time of the Ptolemies, the coastal region was already populated in Roman times there was the harbor Adiacium. Today Ajaccio was founded in 1492 by the Genoese. However, the city gained importance only in the 17th and 18th centuries. After Corsica in 1768 fell to France, Ajaccio in 1793 the seat of the department Liamone and 1811 the department of Corse ( Corsica). Their most famous son, Napoleon Bonaparte was born in 1769.
The Corsican Regional Assembly ( Assemblée de Corse) is based here since its inception in 1982. The establishment of this Parliament took place in the course of the regionalization of France under President François Mitterrand.
Coat of arms
Blazon: Azure, a standing on green sign foot silver column with about floating dreispitziger silver crown, both sides supported by two upright facing golden lion, to each rear foot to the column base dormant.
See: List of Monuments historiques in Ajaccio
- La Maddalena in Sardinia (Italy )
- Larnaca ( Cyprus)
Ajaccio is a founding member of the Federation of European cities Napoleon.
Ajaccio has the largest airport on the island, Campo dell'Oro International Airport. The commercial port is after the island from Bastia is the second largest. Ajaccio ferries connect all year with Marseille, Toulon and Nice. For the season, there are also innerkorsische ferry to Calvi and Propriano.
At the port there is the railway station of the Corsican to Bastia and Calvi.
In the township the football clubs AC Ajaccio and Ajaccio Gazelec FCO are located.
Sons and daughters of the town ( chronolog. )
- Carlo Buonaparte (1746-1785), father of Caroline, Elisa, Jerome, Joseph, Louis, Lucien, Napoleon and Pauline Bonaparte
- Laetitia Ramolino (1750-1836), wife of Carlo di Buonaparte and ancestress of the Bonaparte family
- Pascal Antoine Fiorella (1752-1818), General of Infantry
- Joseph Fesch (1763-1839), Cardinal
- Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821), Emperor of the French
- Lucien Bonaparte (1775-1840), brother of Napoleon Bonaparte
- Elisa Bonaparte (1777-1820), sister of Napoleon Bonaparte, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
- Louis Bonaparte (1778-1846), brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, King of Holland
- Pauline Bonaparte (1780-1825), sister of Napoleon Bonaparte, Duchess of Guastalla
- Caroline Bonaparte (1782-1839), sister of Napoleon Bonaparte, Queen of Naples
- Philippe Antoine d' Ornano (1784-1863), General
- Jérôme Bonaparte (1784-1860), brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, King of Westphalia
- Tino Rossi (1907-1983), singer and actor
- Danielle Casanova (1909-1943), French communist and members of the Resistance
- Achille Peretti (1911-1983), member of the Resistance, after the Second World War for 36 years mayor of Neuilly -sur -Seine
- François -Xavier Ortoli (1925-2007), politician, President of the European Commission
- Michel Giacometti (1929-1990), French anthropologist
- Michel Ferracci - Porri (* 1949), writer
- Salim Sdiri (born 1978 ), javelin thrower
- Alizée ( born 1984 ), singer
- Rémy Cabella (* 1990), football player
(see also List of bishops of Ajaccio )
Promenade and beach
Genoese tower of 1550 in Parata
Input to the birthplace of Napoléon
Gulf of Ajaccio
Place in Ajaccio in 1967
Cemetery with interesting tomb buildings in Ajaccio
Peninsula in Ajaccio
Stone formation in Ajaccio