Camillo Laurenti studied at the Pontifical Gregorian University, the professional Catholic theology, he was a seminarian at the Almo Collegio Capranica and received in 1884 the sacrament of Holy Orders. Until 1908 he worked as a lecturer at the Pontifical Athenaeum " De Propaganda Fide " and as an employee of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. In 1908 he was Under-Secretary, in 1911, then Secretary of the same Congregation. From 1911 Camillo Laurenti worked as a consultant to the Holy Office, from 1917 as a consultant to the Congregation for the Oriental Churches. 1921 took him Pope Benedict XV. as cardinal deacon with the title Diakonia Santa Maria della Scala in the College of Cardinals. Pope Pius XI. appointed him Prefect of the Congregation for Religious in 1922 and then in 1928 to the Pro - Prefect of the Congregation of Rites. In the same year he became cardinal deacon, an office which he held until 1935. Camillo Laurenti died on September 6, 1938 in Rome and was buried in the cemetery " Campo Verano ".