Renato Raffaele Martino was a seminarian at the Almo Collegio Capranica, he studied at the Pontifical Gregorian University and the Pontifical Lateran University philosophy and Catholic theology. In 1957 he received the sacrament of Holy Orders. After further studies, he earned his doctorate in canon law and specialized in addition to diplomatic questions. In 1962 he entered the diplomatic service of the Vatican and worked as a secretary in the foreign missions of the Holy See in Nicaragua, the Philippines, Lebanon and Brazil. On September 14, 1980, Pope John Paul II appointed Titular Archbishop of Segermes and Pro- Nuncio to Thailand and Singapore and Apostolic Delegate of Laos and Malaysia. He received his episcopal consecration Cardinal Agostino Casaroli on 14 December of the same year. In 1983 he was Apostolic Delegate in Brunei Darussalam and 1986, permanent observer of the Holy See to the United Nations in New York.
Since October 2002 he has been President of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace. Pope John Paul II took him in 2003 as a cardinal deacon with the title of San Francesco di Paola Diakonia ai Monti in the College of Cardinals to. Martino took part in the Conclave 2005, in which Benedict XVI. was chosen in part. This confirmed Martino in all his offices and gave him on 11 March 2006 in addition the office of President of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People.
On February 28, 2009, Pope Benedict XVI. Martino's resignation from the post of president of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People. Benedict XVI. adopted on 24 October 2009 at Martinos reasons of age pre- mounted resignation from the post of president of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace. Since 2010 he is Grand Prior of the Order of Constantine.
On 14 June 2007 Renato Raffaele Martino announced in a statement on the NGO Amnesty International:
This he referred to the fact that the human rights organization had previously advocated to defend the right of women to have an abortion in cases of rape, incest and danger to the health or life of the woman. This statement was strongly criticized, inter alia, from the Green - chairman Claudia Roth. Also, this call of Vatican Radio was indeed transferred to the official internet site but not reproduced in full.
Membership in the Roman Curia
Renato Raffaele Martino is a member of the following congregations and councils of the Roman Curia:
- Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples
- Pontifical Council "Cor Unum "
- Administration of goods of the Apostolic See
- Pontifical Commission for the State of Vatican City