. by is the country code top -level domain ( ccTLD) of Belarus. It exists since 10 May 1994. The ccTLD has been a long time from the Belarusian Ministry of Information Security managed until it was disbanded in 2008 and the administration of the domain to the company Open Contact Ltd.. was passed.


Registrations will only find on the second level instead, but the Belarusian government also used the address below on third level. Gov.by and. Mil.by. There are no particular restrictions on the assignment, so that each may register a. By address. A. By- domain must be between two and 63 characters long, the use of special characters is present ( see below ) is not possible. Registration is carried out depending on the chosen domain name registrar within a few days up to six weeks.

BY is also used as an abbreviation for Bayern, so some Bavarian companies are represented under a. By address. This includes the Bayern Tourismus Marketing GmbH, the official marketing company of the Bavarian tourism and leisure industry. This is considered by the Bavarian government as "the official Bavarian tourism portal ". That the Bavarian tourism thus operates under the top-level domain of a country that is known for human rights violations has led to criticism. The use of. By Bayern made ​​a major contribution to the German Bundestag decided in January 2008 to support the introduction of new regional top- level domains.


In 2013, the contracting authority wants to internationalize the domain completely by supports next to the alphanumeric Cyrillic characters. This should help to make. Popular by, according to the operator. Also on the permission of particularly valuable digit domains will thinking.