., it is the top level domain of Spain. It exists since April 14, 1988 and is administered by the Network Information Center of Spain. Currently, more than 1.5 million. Domains are registered there.

Award criteria

The Spanish domains must possess at least a length of three characters, there are exceptions, such as hp.es and pp.es. Also, there are domains that form the brand name or service name using the domain extension, this includes for example iTun.es and Geociti.es. Any natural or legal person may hold a. It domain. A resident or established in Spain are not necessary.

It will not only registrations performed on the second, but also on the third level, for example below. Com.es and. Org.es. First of all addresses were directly below., It is not possible, the selection criteria have been liberalized in 2005, but according to the model of other ccTLDs. The change in the eligibility criteria resulted in the following years to high growth rates.


The activation of a. Domains it is done according to order usually within 7 to 10 days. For many years only to a restricted audience was the registration of. Domains it possible, such as universities. The public procurement has commenced on 8 November 2005 at 7:00 clock, after rights holder a few weeks earlier could submit orders ( Sunrise Period ).

The availability of. Domains, it can be determined by querying the default whois server on port 43, but the IP address of the requesting client with the registration authority must be deposited. Since October 2007, the. It domain with special characters like ñ, ç or accented vowels á, é, í, ó, ú and ü included.


The top -level domain was announced in July 2010 to a wider public. Reason was an action of the sports club FC Bayern Munich before the Higher Regional Court of Cologne because the domain fc- bayern.es. The owner violated the court 's view, the trademark of the plaintiff.


The top -level domain of Spain and - like fr for France -. Due to the restrictive award criteria again and again in the criticism. Experts criticized that even small countries do not provide such high demands on prospective customers and make their domains so that a wider audience.