0 Series Shinkansen

The Shinkansen 0 series (Japanese新 干线0系 电车, Shinkansen 0 -kei densha ) were the first trainsets, which were built to drive on Japan's new Hochgeschwindigkeitszugnetz. Many non-Japanese people still have this train set in mind when the Shinkansen is the speech due to the time -driven advertising revenue.


The 0 series, which was later named for the sake of distinction so, was placed at the beginning of the Tōkaidō Shinkansen into service in 1964. The trains were painted white and wore each a blue stripe along the windows and at the lower end of the side surfaces, which also included control car front.

With a maximum operating speed of 220 km / h, they were at the time of its introduction the fastest railway vehicles worldwide and have become a symbol of the economic revival of Japan.

Were Unlike previous Japanese trains and the Tōkaidō Shinkansen and all successors in standard gauge construction are held at a distance of the rails of 1435 mm. The 0 series is exclusively equipped with AC motors that operate at 60 Hz and 25 kV. Here, each axis of each carriage is driven at 185 kW, which enables a maximum speed of 220 km / hr. The train had 1370 seats.

After testing in the years 1962 to 1964 with two prototype trains Shinkansen Series 1000 ( set A with two cars and set B with four cars), the third Prototypenzug ( set C) was produced as a prototype of the series 0. This set had six cars: a dining car, a car 1st class and four 2nd class cars. After the opening of the Tokaido Shinkansen this train was used as a commercial series 0 with 12 cars. The trains of the 0 series were built in the years 1964-1986 a total of 3,216 cars with 38 model series. In 1976, the maximum number of cars reached 2,338 with 99 trains for the Hikari connection, 47 trains for Kodama connection and 2 cars in reserve.

In the years 1964-1971 the range 0 wrong in a train set of twelve cars: On two cars of the bistro car, two 1st class cars and eight carriages of the second class. In 1969, however, trains with 16 carriages were used. Sets for Hikari connection from H, HN, and N- variants had two first - class carriages, a buffet car, a dining car and twelve second - class cars. Sets for Kodama connection of K- variant had a first - class car, one or two buffet car and thirteen or fourteen second - class cars. In the years 1985-2008 the trainsets were used with six or even four cars on less frequented routes to San'yo Shinkansen. In the years 1988-2001 some sets with twelve cars for Sanyo Shinkansen had a cinema car. These trains have been designated as West - Hikari and Hikari Rail Star from 2000 replaced with 700 series. The trains of the 0 series were built in the years 1963-1986.

Since the loads experienced by a Shinkansen in normal operation, are very large, the lifetime is a tractor 15 years; common in trains is a life of 30 years. Most vehicles would actually be taken after 15 years of service, so that last only a few remained in active use. The last remaining propelled series 0 - trains ran as Kodoma connection on the San'yo Shinkansen of JR West and on the track Shin- Osaka - Hakata. Outside of Japan, there is a head part of the series in the National Railway Museum in York. It was donated to the Museum in 2001 by the JR West.

To mark the final withdrawal of the 0 series in 2008, still in service trains on the JR West were again - as the originally used on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen - painted in white and blue. On 30 November 2008, the series 0 was used for the last time running on schedule, the last ride was held on 14 December 2008. A train was transferred in August 2008 to the Railway Museum, Saitama.