100 Series Shinkansen
The Shinkansen 100 Series (Japanese新 干线100系 电车, Shinkansen 100 -kei densha ) is a Japanese high-speed train, which is by the Japanese National Railways ( JNR ), JR Central and JR West used on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen and San'yo.
After the Shinkansen routes has for 20 years operated with the series 0, the JNR need new vehicles. Due to great advances in technology and increased environmental regulations buying a new vehicle of the series 0 was out of the question. To replace half of the series 0, 66 trainsets were purchased in the years 1985-1992.
The trains will go to end of March 2012 out of service.
The control car at the end of the train are longer than in the series 0, because the nose was designed windschlüpfiger. Also, all axes are no longer driven. The axle load was reduced to 15 tons.
In the first version all train parts are driven up to the tax - and double-deck coaches. In the version for the JR West are driven because of the two additional double-deck cars and the control car.
The train consists of 16 coaches and can accommodate up to 1,321 people. In the second class, the seat width has been increased by six inches and the seat pitch of 14 inches. In addition, the seat backs were further inclined, but not designed to be adjustable. The seats have the usual arrangement for Shinkansens with 3 2 seats per row. They can be rotated so that the passengers can still sit in the direction.
One of the two double-decker cars has an onboard restaurant: In the lower level of the dining car, the kitchen, a bistro and a passage exists. About an elevator that can take the food from the kitchen to the guest area overhead. The other double-deckers is for 1st class
- Interior of the dining car
The JR West runs per set with up to four double-deck cars, which are meant for 1st class travelers. In this configuration of the train and the control cars are driven.
The 16 -car train series 100-9000 ( including two double-decker cars ) was completed as a prototype on 27 March 1985, referred to as set X0. As of March 27, 1985 several test runs were held, first, between the stations of Tokyo and Mishima on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen, Tōkaidō later on and Sanyo Shinkansen. In a test drive of the train reached up to 260 km / h on the San'yo Shinkansen, between the stations Ogori and Shin- Shimonoseki. By the end of September 1985 this train was modified as set X1 and taken from 1 October as Hikari connection in operation. Until March 1987 six trains (maximum speed of 220 km / h) was produced. After the privatization of JNR all seven trains were overwritten at JR Central. The trains were mainly operated as Hikari connection, with a daily mileage of more than 2,500 km. From 2 October 1998, the trains were only used on the Kodama connection and finally put out of service until October 1, 1999.
In the years 1988-1992 50 trains of 16 cars were manufactured with two double-decker cars with seven model series. The trains were JR Central and operated from March 13, 1988 with a top speed of 220 km / h on the Tokaido and Sanyo Shinkansen. Seven trains were overwritten by JR West Between the years 1996 and 1997 - thus operated by JR West Hikari connections on the Tokaido Shinkansen could also be used with 100 series. The trains were used until 2003 on the Tokaido Shinkansen and to 2004 on the Sanyo Shinkansen.
In the years 1989-1991 nine trains of 16 cars (including four double-decker coaches ) were delivered. The trains were JR West, but were due to an increase in performance ( with reduction gear ratio ), referred to the new electrical resistances and the change of the transponder as a series 100N or Grand Hikari. The V variant was first operated at a speed of 220 km / h on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen and of 230 km / h on the San'yo Shinkansen. Furthermore, it was with this variant a top speed of 275 km / h planned on the half of the San'yo - Shinkansens: For the travel time between the stations Shin -Osaka and Hakata to 2 hours and 30 minutes could be shortened. In the test drive the train reached in February 1992, a top speed of 277.2 km / h Since 275 km / h, the legal noise limits could not be met, the speed limit was not increased in operation. On 10 March 2000, the board restaurant was no longer in operation and on November 23, 2002 variant V was decommissioned and some cars of the trains were rebuilt as variants K and P. The variant V was operated as Hikari connection.
Variants K and P
To replace the operated with 0 series Kodama connection on the Sanyo Shinkansen, variant V was in the years 2000-2005 to ten trains of the K variant with six-car trains and twelve variant P ( each with four cars) reshuffled. These variants have only second - class cars, and only be operated at a maximum speed of 220 km / hr. The variant P was taken from 4 October 2000 to March 11, 2011 between the stations Himeji and Hakata in operation. The variant K was taken from February 12, 2002 on the Sanyo Shinkansen (from March 12, 2011 only between the stations Okayama and Hakata ) in operation. This variation is to be made by March 2012 [Alt 1] out of service. The variants K and P are to be replaced with the 500 series and 700.