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Heads of State

Year of the Fire Rooster丁酉( at the beginning of the year Fire Monkey丙申)

Syria: 1608/ 09 ( the year in October )


Politics and World Affairs

Southern Europe

  • January 8: Monaco is captured by a coup a group of exiled Genoese under the leadership of Guelph Francesco Grimaldi. From this point on, Monaco, despite protests Genoese, the ideal base for the Korsarenflotte of Grimaldi, which finally established there.
  • April 4: Pope Boniface VIII enfeoffed King James II of Aragon with the islands of Sardinia and Corsica.
  • September 12: The Treaty of Alcañices between King Denis of Portugal and King Ferdinand IV of Castile, the boundary between the two countries is set.
  • Serrata: The Constitution of Venice will continue to focus on a strict oligarchy: The former Great Council with 588 members by then will be expanded and will be progressively introduced new regulations for membership. This eventually leads to the principle of the Grand Council of men are admitted whose father or grandfather are sitting in the Grand Council. Get access now only the members of the leading families. The Grand Council shall elect the Doge, the head of state, and the procurators for life, and all other officers with always temporary tenure.

Western and Central Europe

  • August 20: In the Battle of Furnes the French reserve under Robert of Artois the upper hand over a Flemish army that fights for Count Guido I of Flanders.

City rights and notices Ersturkundliche

  • First mention of Corsier, Korntal, Neuweier and Morges
  • Establishment of meadow valley by Friedrich von Bolanden, the Prince-Bishop of the Bishopric of Speyer
  • Tettnang receives from King Adolf of Nassau city rights.
  • Hersbruck and Harburg / Elbe received city rights.



  • Boniface VIII speaks Louis IX. holy.
  • Jacobus de Voragine, a Dominican ends the " Chronica de Civitate Ianuae ," a chronicle of Genoa from its beginnings to 1297, the last part is the only source for the city's history.
  • Dietrich von Apolda completed the given by the Order in commissioned work about the life of the founder Dominic, over older vitae is characterized particularly by the wealth of material.
  • The Inquisitor and religious writer Bernard Gui is prior in Carcassonne. As the first writer of the Order of Preachers, he begins this year with a collection of the acts of the general chapter (up to 1315).
  • The Franciscan John Duns Scotus teaches at Cambridge and Oxford ( until 1301).
  • Wigbold of Holte is Archbishop of Cologne.

Nature and Environment

  • Germany: mild and pleasant autumn


  • End of 1296 or early 1297: Gregory Palamas, Orthodox Byzantine theologian, writer and archbishop of Thessalonica, Saint of the Eastern Church
  • Adolf VII, Count of Holstein - Pinneberg and Count of Schauenburg († 1353 )
  • Ingebjørg Eriksdatter (Norway ), Norwegian Princess


  • November: Andrew de Moray, political leader in the Scottish War of Independence ( * 1265 )
  • December 28: Hugues Aycelin, French theologian and cardinal (c. 1230)