1900 Summer Olympics medal table
The medal for the Olympic Summer Games 1900 in Paris, within the framework of the local World Fair ( Exposition Universelle et Internationale de Paris) were held, is shaped by a host of assumptions due to problems in the later sampling of the events and their classification in Olympic history. The reason for this is essentially the utter meaninglessness of Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Olympic Games, and the International Olympic Committee (IOC), which had to be subordinate to the organization of the World exhibition entirely.
The IOC has the Summer Olympic Games in 1900 but legitimized as such and published its official stance on Olympic competitions and the Olympic champions and runners or their nationality. Also includes a medal, with the IOC, however, explicitly stated that this is for information only and is not a ranking of nations as the IOC rejects such a principle.
For the official medal table is to be noted that the team competitions were not intended at the time as national rankings, but were advertised for a club or association teams. These represented generally at international competitions each country in which the club or federation was established. This is not represented itself as a hindrance when these teams also athletes from different nations were represented. These teams are now separately valued by the IOC as mixed teams.
The IOC thanks to his medal tally of 89 competitions from ( the award of two first places in a competition, the high ranking of the riders competitions ). An award of the first three places in its present form with gold, silver and bronze medal had not given it to 1900. In some sports and competitions were awarded plaques of silver or bronze. This leads to the general handling that is displayed for the games 1900 1st place with silver, bronze and place 2 place 3 without a medal identifier.
Official medal of the IOC
Overview of the mixed teams
In eight contests, the IOC has established the participation of one or more mixed teams, so teams with athletes from different nations. Overall, it worked with twelve mixed teams whose athletes be distributed to nine nations.
It should be noted that individual mixed teams are highly controversial even among sports historians. This includes in particular the team in the 5000 -meter team running the athletics of the United Kingdom ( GBR ) and Australia (AUS), and the two with coxswain in rowing from the Netherlands ( NED ) with an unknown French ( FRA ) street boys as helmsman.
In various publications no mixed teams are always listed, but there individually assigned to the medals each country or only the country that was represented by the club or association.
Alternative medal ( unofficial)
The circumstances under which the Summer Olympics took place in 1900, the subsequent processing of the events and their classification in the Olympic history difficult immensely. The IOC availed himself of the work of many well-known sports historian. However, in many cases the current presentation is considered to be incomplete, and a number of associations and interpretations made by the IOC are highly controversial.
Meanwhile, we can read that one starts from 95 competitions at the Summer Olympic Games in 1900 and the IOC. A number that finds, for example, also the major sports historian Bill Mallon correct. The medal was told by the IOC in this regard, however, no adjustment.
Other historically documented facts have been long time or are still being ignored. So you have changed only in 2007 the medal to the effect that you assigned the rating of the second place for the fencer Italo Santelli on Italy, after he was Santelli decades always regarded as Hungary. On the other hand, is the winner in the marathon, Michel Théato led to today erroneously as a Frenchman in the winners' lists. Meanwhile, it has been determined by finding his birth certificate, however, that Théato was born in Luxembourg. Although he lived in Paris, but the adoption of French citizenship he was definitely too young.
These and other historically documented facts lead to an alternative medal table, which is shown here. Within this list of these conditions are considered:
- An additional competition in archery, 50 -m target shooting - du monde championat
- An additional competition in cycling, 5000 - m- points race
- Two additional competitions in riding, presentation of riding horses and carriage driving
- Three additional competitions in sailing, 0.5 to 1 ton, 2 race, 3 to 10 tons, first race and over 20 tons
- A abgängiger competition in the shooting, Ordonnanzrevolver 20 m
- Assignment of first place in the marathon for Luxembourg instead for France
- Allocation of third place in the water ball for a mixed team rather than for France