1959 Pan American Games
The III. Pan American Games were held in the U.S. city of Chicago from August 27 to September 7, 1959. Originally Cleveland ( Ohio) was provided as the host. However, a reduction of the budget to five million U.S. dollars by the U.S. Congress forced the city to surrender. Chicago got on the contract at the initiative of Mayor Richard J. Daley.
At the Games 2,263 athletes participated. Central competition venue was the Soldier Field. The swimming events were conducted in the Portage Park.
During the Pan American Games competitions have been held in 18 sports. The first time was sailing in the program. Successful nation were the United States with a total of 236 medals.