1st Parachute Army (Wehrmacht)

The 1st Parachute Army / Parachute Army High Command 1 ( FschAOK 1 ) was a major unit of the Army of the Wehrmacht during the Second World War. She was supreme command each alternating Army Corps as well as many special forces and went out of the XI. Air Corps forth.


With the formation of the 1st Parachute Army began to a command of Commander in Chief of the Luftwaffe Hermann Göring of 5 November 1943 establishing an army high command with two Parachute Corps until April 1944. With the implementation of the General Command XI. Air Corps commissioned student under General of the paratroops Kurt, which was responsible for the leadership, training and supplement the paratroops of the Air Force and had previously been used among others in the Airborne Battle of Crete. The two parachute corps were in Italy and France in January 1944 from the withdrawn from the Eastern Front II Luftwaffe Field Corps and the XIII. Air Corps established. Took place on April 3, 1944 in Nancy, the conversion of the General Command XI. Air Corps in the Parachute AOK 1, which was placed under the command of Army Group D / Commander in Chief West. To the planned assumption of I Parachute Corps did not happen, because this was bound in Italy.

After the Allied landings in Normandy in June 1944, the 1st Parachute Army was directly subordinate to the OKW and continued her education activity. Your first combat deployment experienced the army after the breakthrough of the Allies in France on September 4, 1944 at the Albert Canal in Belgium in the Association of Army Group B. During Operation Market Garden, it was pushed back to the Meuse and Waal in the eastern Netherlands. The army stood at that time in addition to the II Parachute Corps, a military and two SS Corps. In November 1944, Colonel-General took over the Student Army Group H formed from the 1st Parachute Army and the 15th Army and was replaced by General of the paratroops Alfred Schlemm at the 1st Parachute Army.

In the course of the battle in the realm of forest in February 1945, the Allies succeeded in advancing to the Lower Rhine, where the 1st Parachute Army was pushed back into the German bridgehead at Wesel. On 10 March, the army retreated with the remaining German units on the right bank of the Rhine, where he received the territory between Emmerich and Krefeld assigned as defense section. On March 21, two days before the Allies pursued into the operation Plunder across the Rhine, General Schlemm was injured in an air raid in alder and fever due to disease on March 28, replaced by General Günther Blumentritt. This gave his office a little later again to General Student from. As of April 1945, the 1st Parachute Army was subordinate to the commander in chief West, a little later they surrendered under its last commander general of the infantry Erich Straube before the Allied troops in Oldenburg.



Army troops

  • Parachute Hunter teaching Regiment 21
  • Parachute Army Aviation School 21
  • Storm Battalion the Parachute Army
  • Parachute Battalion wheeled 1
  • Parachute - Panzer - Regiment 1
  • Parachute Assault Gun Brigade 21
  • Higher Artillery Commander of the Parachute Army 1
  • Heavy launcher Department of Parachute Army 1
  • Parachute Pioneer Regiment 1
  • Parachute Army troops Replenishment 1
  • Transportation department of the Parachute Army 1
  • Parachute Army Intelligence Regiment 1
  • Sick Transport Department of the Army Parachute 1
  • Field Replacement Regiment Parachute Army
  • Convalescent battalion of the Parachute Army 1

Imputed army corps and divisions

  • LXXXVI. Army Corps
  • II Parachute Corps
  • II SS Panzer Corps
  • XII. SS - Army Corps
  • 526th Infantry Division
  • II Parachute Corps
  • LXXXVI. Army Corps
  • XLVII. Army Corps
  • LXIII. Army Corps
  • Panzer Lehr Division
  • LXXXVI. Army Corps
  • II Parachute Corps

Notes and References