2008 Summer Olympics medal table

This table shows the medals of the Olympic Summer Games 2008. Rankings are by number of gold medals won sorted, followed by the number of silver and bronze medals ( lexicographical order ). If two or more countries, an identical medal on balance, they are performed in alphabetical order on the same rank. This corresponds to the system that is used by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).

For the first time in the history of the Olympic Games, the People's Republic of China emerged as the most successful nation in the competition. Afghanistan, Mauritius, Serbia, Sudan, Tajikistan and Togo each won their first Olympic medals. Overall, athletes from 86 countries, more than ever before, winning at least one medal. The gold medal won by Rashid Ramzi of Bahrain in the 1500 -meter run was disallowed in retrospect because of doping; it would have been the first ever Olympic medal in the country. Furthermore, it was Davide Rebellin also stripped of his silver medal in the road race because of doping.