2nd Army (Wehrmacht)

The 2nd Army / Army HQ 2 (AOK 2 ) was a major unit of the Army of the Wehrmacht during the Second World War. She was supreme command each alternating Army Corps as well as many special forces.


The 2nd Army was first established in the mobilization for the campaign in Poland on 26 August 1939 and served from the outset as army group commander. On September 2, it was renamed Army Group North.

The army was drawn up again on October 20, 1939, General of Cavalry Maximilian von Weichs by renaming the installed in the West AOK 8. In the western campaign she was under the Army Group A and took part in the fighting around Paris. In April 1941, she reached during the Balkan campaign of Austria from jointly with the 12th Army operating from Bulgaria and Yugoslavia took a Belgrade.

As of June 1941, she struggled at the beginning of Operation Barbarossa on the southern flank of Army Group Center on the Eastern Front. In August, she was deprived of Army Group Center and Army Group Guderian assumed to take part in the Battle of Kiev. Then she fought in the Battle of double Wjasma and Bryansk and the Battle of Moscow. In early 1942, it was the army group subordinated south and took part in defensive struggles in the Kursk area. In June and July 1942, she was designated as Army Group of Weichs, at this time you were the Hungarian 2nd Army and 4th Panzer Army assumed. As such, it led to the start of Operation Blau by the attack on Voronezh. After the formation of Army Group B, which took over the former army commander Colonel-General Maximilian von Weichs, it was assumed this and took until 1943 participated in defensive battles in space Voronezh. In February 1943, she was again placed under the Army Group Center. While the company's citadel they fought in the area west of Kursk. After the Soviet counter- offensives she drew fighting back on the Dnepr. In early 1944, she defended the " fixed place " Kovel. The Soviet summer offensive Operation Bagration it survived relatively unscathed as the only Army of Army Group Centre. Nevertheless, they had to vacate the permanent place of Brest- Litovsk. In January 1945, the army of the newly formed Army Group Vistula was assumed. During the Battle of Eastern Pomerania defended Danzig and Graudenz. The army was renamed on April 7, 1945 in East Prussia army and was responsible for the defense of West and East Prussia. They surrendered after a month on 8 May 1945 from the Red Army.

Supreme Commander

  • Colonel-General Fedor von Bock: August 26 bis September 2, 1939
  • Colonel General Maximilian von Weichs: October 20, 1939 to November 15, 1941
  • General of Panzer troops Rudolf Schmidt: November 15, 1941 to January 15, 1942 ( with the duct systems )
  • Colonel General Maximilian von Weichs: January 15, 1942 to July 15, 1942
  • Colonel-General Hans von Salmuth: July 15, 1942 to February 3, 1943
  • Colonel-General Walter Weiss February 4, 1943 to March 9, 1945
  • General of Panzer troops Dietrich von Saucken: March 10 bis May 9, 1945

Chief of the General Staff

  • Lieutenant General Hans von Salmuth: August 26 bis September 2, 1939
  • Lieutenant General Hans- Gustav Felber: October 20, 1939 to February 15, 1940
  • Major General Rudolf Konrad: 15 February to 1 November 1940
  • Lieutenant Colonel Hermann von joke life: November 1, 1940 to October 26, 1941
  • Lieutenant General Gustav Harteneck: October 26, 1941 to November 20, 1943
  • Major General Henning von Tresckow: November 20, 1943 to July 21, 1944
  • Colonel of Schewen: July 22 bis August 1, 1944
  • Major General Robert Macher: August 1, 1944 to May 9, 1945