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Era / period
- Starting from Alexandria experienced Greek philosophy and mathematics a renaissance ( Neoplatonism ).
- The pyramids of the Maya in Central America conduct an era of monumental buildings.
- The Roman Empire ruled in the years 235-285 of the so-called " soldier emperors ". These were usually proclaimed as part of usurpations of the legions of the emperor and reigned often only a few months. This phase of Roman history is also referred to as the time of the kingdom crisis of the 3rd century.
- Christianity asserts itself despite external Widernisse and the inner struggle for its compatibility with the private property.
- In Persia, the Sassanid Empire is founded.
- In Japan, the separation of church and state ( secularism ) is carried out.
- China is divided 220-280: These the Three Kingdoms period is terminated by Emperor Wu of Jin.
Events / developments
- Since 231 there is a repeat violent fights between the Sassanids and Rome (see Roman- Persian Wars).
- The territories east of the Rhine, north of Lake Constance and west of the Iller (in the region of Baden-Württemberg in approximately its present-day borders ) fall of the Roman Empire permanently to the Germanic tribes ( Limes case).
- 262 Goths destroy the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
- 267 plunder Germanic Heruli Athens.
- Cao Cao ( 155-220 ), pioneer of the Wei dynasty
- Cyprian, North African church father and bishop of Carthage
- Plotinus, Greek philosopher from Alexandria; is regarded as the chief representative of Neoplatonism
- Paul of Samosata, Doctor of the Church from the Near East, Bishop of Antioch and counselor of Queen Zenobia of Palmyra; was excommunicated as heretics of the Christian Church
- Sima Yi ( 179-251 ), pioneer of the Jin Dynasty
- Sima Yan ( 236-290 ), unifier of China
- Aurelian, Roman Emperor 270-275
- Diophantus of Alexandria, a Greek mathematician
- Longinus, Greek philosopher and linguist Syrian origin
- Shapur I, King of Persia ( Sassanid )
- Zenobia, Empress of Palmyra and the Roman Orient
- Mani, founder of Persian religion of Manichaeism
- Pappus, Greek mathematician in Alexandria
- Greek philosopher Celsus ( Platonist ), oldest known polemic against Christianity "True doctrine."
- Origen, Christian theologian, was commissioned to write a script against Celsus.
- Porphyry, philosopher ( Neoplatonist ) from the Near East
- Probus, Roman Emperor 276-282
- Diocletian, Roman Emperor 284-305
- Pamphilus of Caesarea, priest and doctor of the Church from Phoenicia; was tortured, imprisoned and beheaded as a Christian
- Anthony the Great, Antonius Abbas or Anthony the Hermit, Egyptian monk, ascetic and hermit
- Arius, a Christian presbyter from Alexandria. According to him the doctrine of Arianism is named
- Lactantius, a native of the province of Africa priest, orator and doctor of the Church
- Called Eusebius of Caesarea, Bishop and Doctor of the Church as the father of church history
- Iamblichus, Greek philosopher from Chalcis (Syria )
- Bhasa, Indian poet, pioneer of classical Indian drama
- Donatus, North African religious philosopher and priest
- Constantine I, also known as Constantine the Great, was Roman Emperor 306-337
- Fasir, North African preacher and freedom fighter
- Liu Hui, Chinese mathematician
Inventions and Discoveries
- 216: Emperor Caracalla completed the ten years earlier construction of the eponymous largest public baths of Rome, the Baths of Caracalla.
- To 230: Claudius Aelianus describes the hazards arising from the electric ray " numbing effect " ( electricity).
- To 250: In China, first iron suspension bridges are built.
- To 260: In Scandinavia are skates with iron runners in use.
- 284: In Alexandria the Diocletian era is introduced which starts with the throne of the Roman Emperor Diocletian and was later adopted by the Christian Copts.
- To 290: Pappus of Alexandria developed later known as Guldinsche rules formulas to calculate volume and surface of solids of revolution.