500 BC

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Year of the Metal Ox辛丑( at the beginning of the year metal rat庚子)

  • Red-figure vase painting (since 530 BC)
  • Black-figure vase painting (since 630 BC)

On the initiative of Aristagoras, the tyrant of Miletus, who fears the punishment for a failed campaign, begins in the year 500 BC the Ionian revolt of the Greek colonies in Asia Minor against Persian rule. The rebellion initially runs very successful and spreads like wildfire from. Only in the year 494 BC, the Achaemenid Empire under Darius I. to the uprising finally suppress. These events then open into the Persian wars against the Greek motherland.


Politics and World Affairs

Persian Empire / Ionian revolt

The Greek Ionian poleis in Asia Minor have been around for almost half a century, part of the Persian Achaemenid Empire. Although tributary, the cities were able to retain a degree of independence and degree of economic independence. Background for this is the Persian principles to leave the territories of the empire as far as possible political self-government and to bring the cultural and religious life of their own peoples untouched. The Persian " tyranny ", it is, as in all 20 satrapies, as personally - feudal relationship is, after the satrap as governor of Persia chooses local nobles than trust people who wield power and collect the tribute.

Aristagoras, the just from the Persian Great King Darius I used tyrant of Miletus, persuaded Artaphernes, the satrap of Sardis, a campaign against Naxos, which has broken away from the Persian Achaemenid Empire. After Artaphernes for this company has obtained the consent of Darius, he equips a fleet of 200 triremes, whose commander he appointed his cousin Megabates. Despite a four-month siege, however, fails the Persians, Naxos take, especially because Megabates and Aristagoras quarrel among themselves. Supposedly supports Megabates the inhabitants of Naxos even secretly in the defense of the island.

Aristagoras, who feared punishment by the Persian king after his return home, looking at the other Greek cities allies to spark a revolt against the Persian Empire. His efforts fall on numerous poleis on fertile ground, currently affected by an economic and trade crisis. The Ionian revolt begins. The uprising runs - far from the political center of the Persian Empire - the first year very successful and spreads like wildfire from.

Italian Mainland

Servius Sulpicius Came Rinus Cornutus and Manius Tullius Longus are according to legend consuls of the early Roman Republic.

Around 500 BC the Osker be conquered by the Etruscans, at this time reached their dominion its greatest extent.

With the arrival of the Etruscans around 500 BC, the place Marzabotto will be expanded in the Apennines to the city.


At the time of the Spring and Autumn Annals of the political rise of K'ung -fu- tzu, starts in Europe known as Confucius. The philosopher is in 500 BC under the rule of Minister of Construction Ji Song first, then Minister of Justice in the Chinese state of Lu.

India / Sri Lanka

Around 500 BC wandering Indo-Aryan settlers from Northern India, the later Sinhalese, one to Sri Lanka. The immigrants call themselves Simha vamsa (Eng. about the root of the lion ). Therefore, the lion later to the National symbol of the Sinhalese.

Science and Technology

The Greek mathematician Hippasos of Metapontum leads around 500 BC, probably his proof of the incommensurability of certain lines and diagonals on the basis of the Euclidean algorithm.


Greek vase painting

The Greek vase painter Euphronios, previously worked in the pottery workshop of Euxitheos, takes around 500 BC own pottery, in which he primarily creates in the coming years shells. Among other things he is here from the known as Antiphon Painter artist and possibly the Sosias painter. Also Onesimus is one of his students. Euphronios ' artistic biggest competitor is the vase painters Euthymides. All of these artists will be counted in the pioneer group of Attic vase painting.

The Eucharides Painter replaced by 500 BC by the black- red-figure vase painting to. He is the first red-figure vase painter of the style, painted Panathenaic Preisamphoren.

Other cultural events around the turn of the century

Around 500 BC, the Archaic is detached from the classical period in ancient Greece.

In Europe is written from about 500 BC only from left to right, instead of the current in Bustrophedon.

From 500 BC, the square script is detectable in the Hebrew alphabet.

Around 500 BC, the beginning of the Nok culture in Africa is located in the area of present-day Nigeria.


Between 500 and 450 BC, the city law of Gortyn, island of Crete is set forth in writing on 42 stone blocks. Content is in this longest preserved Greek inscription rather a kind of revision of older laws as a new codification. Codified rules are from the family law, inheritance law, property law, criminal law and procedural law. The text is written in a Doric dialect and consists of twelve columns, each with 53 to 55 lines, the lines guide runs in Boustrophedon.


  • 500 BC: Callias II, Athenian statesman and diplomat, was the richest Athenians of his time († 432 BC)
  • 500 BC: Panainos, Greek / Athenian painter