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Heads of State
Year of the Metal Dragon庚辰(at the beginning of earth - hare己卯)
Era of Diocletian: 516/517 ( year November )
Syria: 1111/12 ( the year in October )
Politics and World Affairs
- November 24: Charlemagne arrives at Rome to put on a December 1 commencing Synod of the events surrounding the assassination attempt on Pope Leo III. to clarify in April 799. Leo makes on December 23, a cleaning silk, to rebut the accusations of his opponents. These, led by the nobles Paschalis and Campulus, be sentenced to death, but then commuted to exile the Franks.
- December 25: Charlemagne is of Pope Leo III. in St. Peter's Basilica of Rome to the Roman Empire ( " Augustus " and " Emperor " ) crowned, the people present with the words " Karl, the Augustus, the winning of God great and peace -bringing Emperor of the Romans, life and victory! " the acclamation guaranteed. The reason the Pope is the alleged vacancy throne in Constantinople Opel, where for 797 Irene with a woman for the first time sole ruler. Karl remains recognition as Western Roman Emperor Constantine Opel initially refused ( " Two emperors problem "). In fact represents the crowning the reasoning of the Western Empire, which sees itself as a continuation of the Roman Empire ( translatio imperii ). It is unclear whether the coronation was wanted in this form of Charles himself.
- Several rebellions break out in Lisbon, Mérida and Toledo and take up to 810. The riots are brutally suppressed.
- Joint campaign of Asturias ( under Alfonso II ), and the Frankish Empire ( military leader: Louis the Pious ) against the Moors. Lleida and Huesca be conquered, Barcelona besieged and taken 803; the conquests form the basis for the Spanish market.
Rest of Europe
- 800: Esslingen am Neckar receives market rights.
- 800: Offa 's Dyke is built.
- The Aghlabids win as emirs of Ifriqiya / Tunisia factual independence from the Abbasid caliph in Baghdad. The dynasty ruled until 909 in the Maghreb.
- King Kulasekhara established in Kerala in South India, the second Chera empire.
- 800: The Caribs penetrate from the American continent to the Caribbean islands.
- Liudger founded the monastery at Werden (today to eat ), which develops in the sequel to the most important monasteries in the region. It is owned Liudgers the family. He founded the same year also the monastery of St. Ludgeri from which the city developed Helmstedt. Both monasteries were held in personal union.
- 800: Foundation of the convent of Herford.
- 800: Abu al -Kindi, Islamic philosopher († 873 )
- 800: Æthelwulf, King of Wessex († 858)
- 800 Harald Klak, King of Denmark ( † about 846 )
- 04 June: Luitgard, Queen of the Franks, last wife of Charlemagne