A. H. de Oliveira Marques

António Henrique Rodrigo de Oliveira Marques ( born August 23, 1933, São Pedro do Estoril, Cascais circle; † January 23, 2007 in Lisbon ) was a Portuguese historian, university professor and author.


After a historical and philosophical studies at the University of Lisbon ( completion in 1956 ) he went to the University of Würzburg, Hermann trowel Benz. In 1957 he became a lecturer at the University of Lisbon, where he met with a thesis on the relationship between the Hanseatic League and the Kingdom of Portugal his doctorate in 1960 in the Middle Ages. After his participation in the student strikes in 1962, which were directed against the educational policy of the Estado Novo regime repressive Salazar, Marques was dismissed from the university enterprise.

He went to the United States, where he worked at various universities so. At Columbia University, University of Alabama, Auburn University, Florida State University, University of Minnesota, and the private University of Chicago 1970 Marques returned back to Portugal. 1973, he joined Freemasonry in, where he later held high offices, and whose history he published a series of books.

After the Carnation Revolution, with the dictatorship was overthrown in Portugal on 25 April 1974, he returned to the Portuguese university system. From October 1974 to April 1976 he was also director of the National Library in Lisbon, founded in 1796 Biblioteca Nacional. Through a variety publications, in particular on the history of Portugal and the history of Freemasonry, he attained after some international recognition. But also so versatile topics such as the history of Portuguese stamps and the insurance sector in Portugal, he published.

Marques died in 2007 in Lisbon.


Marques was especially widely known as an author of historical works. His standard work História de Portugal has been translated into nine languages. In Germany his 1995 published in Lisbon, summary Breve História de Portugal under the title History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire appeared in 2001 Alfred Kröner Verlag.

In 1997 he was made an honorary Doctor of La Trobe University in Melbourne. On 2 October 1998 he was awarded by President Jorge Sampaio, the Grand Cross of the Order of Liberty ( Grã - Cruz da Ordem da Liberdade ).

After his death on 23 January 2007, the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Portugal organized an exhibition at the National Library from June 21 to September 14, 2007 to his life and work.