Abbas el-Akkad

Mahmoud Abbas el- Akkad (Arabic عباس محمود العقاد ' Abbas Mahmud al-' Aqqad; born June 28, 1889 in Aswan, † March 12, 1964 in Cairo ) was a largely self-taught Egyptian writer, historian, poet, philosopher and journalist.


Mahmoud Abbas el- Akkad was born in 1889 in Aswan in Upper Egypt, the son of an archivist. At the age of six, he attended an Islamic preschool, where he was taught the Koran and Arabic, and then in 1899 a primary school. Due to the poor economic situation of his family or other factors he finished after four years of his education. During his early youth, he worked in a silk factory, but he was obsessed by reading and the associated acquisition of knowledge in various fields. Later he worked as a clerk in Qena in Upper Egypt and in other professions. As a result of his great intelligence and his is knowledge acquired, he began to write for newspapers. His first professional work was reportedly as a journalist. In 1907 he was editor of the newspaper Al Doustour ( The Constitution) and Al Bayan ( Clarification ). He wrote in 1912 essays for the magazine Oukaz. El- Akkad writing lent itself to largely self-taught. One of the earliest themes of his written work was the freedom of thought and expression, which was suppressed under constant threat of political and religious forces beginning of the twentieth century in Egypt. In 1915 he published his first Diwane titled " Bits and Pieces " and " Shazarat " and the following year " Yaqazat al -Sabah " ( Morning Awakening ), a political commentary in poetic form and a compound of survivors, describes the problem of good versus evil. In the 1920s, he wrote a book entitled " Daily Summary", which was an autobiographical account of his experiences to the content. Later, he wrote more than 100 books on philosophy, religion and poetry. He founded together with Ibrahim Al- Mazny and Abdel Rahman Schokry a school of poetry, which he called Al- Diwan. 1964 el- Akkad died in Cairo, his body was taken and buried in his native city of Aswan. In Cairo, a street was named after him.


  • Al - Abkariat
  • Allah
  • Sarah ( dedicated to a romance with a Christian Lebanese )
  • The genius of Mohammad
  • The genius of Jesus
  • The genius of the righteous
  • The genius of Omar
  • The genius of Othman
  • The genius of Al- Emam Aly
  • The genius of Khaled
  • The truths of Islam and the falsehood of its competitors
  • Thinking is an Islamic duty
  • Islam in the twentieth century
  • The opium of the people
  • The beginnings of the Mohammedan Mission
  • No to communism and colonialism
  • Zionism and the Question of Palestine