Abe was born the son of a naval officer in Hiroshima. He spent most of his childhood, following the transfer of his father in 1935 in Kugenuma, Fujisawa. From 1941 on, he attended elementary school in Fujisawa and then in the year under Shintaro Ishihara and Jun Eto high school Kanagawa. He studied at about the same time as Kenzaburo Oe French literature at the University of Tokyo. During his studies, Abe worked as a tutor at the cellist Tsuyoshi Tsutsumi and Kenichiro Yasuda.
After graduation in 1959 he worked until the beginning of his career as a professional writer in 1971, when television and radio director at TBS. In addition to the work he wrote at this time. For the autobiographical narrative Kodomobeya (子 供 部屋) he was awarded the 1962 Young Investigator Award Bungakukai (文学界 新人 赏, Bungakukai Shinjinshō ). In 1970 he drew attention to himself with his story for the holiday Ewigkei ( Shirei no Kyuka ). A year later, Abe announced at TBS to devote himself exclusively to writing.
In 1973 he was awarded for Sennen (千年) the Mainichi Cultural Prize. Using motifs, the autobiographical repeatedly refer to their own family situation, Akira Abe is one of the representatives of the Japanese I - novel ( " shishosetsu "). Topics include the analysis of the loss of authority of the military in the post-war period, of which his father is particularly affected and similar to Oe living with a disabled family member. Abe is also a master of the short story.
Abe die on 19 March 1989 at the age of only 55 years of heart failure at Tsujido, a district of Fujisawa. Abe's second son Ryujiro Abe (阿 部 龙 二郎) is currently working as a department manager at TBS.
- Ger " days of life ", translated by Detlef Foljanty, in: Explorations, 12 narrator from Japan, Volk und Welt, Berlin, 1992, pp. 218-232