Abisko is a place ( småort ) in the northern Swedish province of Norrbotten County and the historic province of Lapland.
It is located 195 km north of the Arctic Circle and 39 kilometers by road east of the Swedish- Norwegian border to 385 meters above sea level. The 85 inhabitants town in the municipality of Kiruna is located on the south shore of Lake Tornetrask and is north start and end of the long-distance route Royal Trail. Hikers can opened in 1902 and about two kilometers west of the town located Abisko Turiststation stay, which is operated as the other huts along the King's Trail from the Swedish Tourist Association STF.
In the immediate neighborhood is the Abisko National Park, founded in 1909. Abisko is located on the European road 10 and the railway from Kiruna to Narvik ( Norway). The local train station is called Abisko Östra and is not to be confused with the breakpoint Abisko Turiststation. In the vicinity are ski resorts with snow until well into June.
Striking scenic landmark of the village is the large, almost semicircular trough valley between the two mountains Lapporten Tjuonatjåkka ( 1554 m ö.h. ) and Nissuntjårro (1738 m ö.h. ). The name goes back to the Abisko nordsamische name Ábeskovvu, with the prefix of APHI, a Nordic Leihwort of the Sea, and the resulting suffix is associated with the Swedish and Norwegian skog for forest. The name is therefore (ie Tornetrask lake ) interpreted as the forest near the lake.
In Abisko is a research station, called the Abisko Scientific Research Station (Swedish Abisko naturvetenskapliga station), which until 1 December 2010 by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences ( Kungliga Academy of Engineering ) has been operated since then but the Swedish Secretariat for Polar Research ( Polarforskningssekretariatet ) is located.
Abisko is the driest place in Sweden.