Abraham Isaac Kook

Grand Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook ( Kuck ) ( born September 8, 1865 in Daugavpils, Russian Empire, † September 1, 1935 in Jerusalem), Palestine Mandate Hebrew הרב אברהם יצחק הכהן קוק, HaRav Avraham Yitzchak HaCohen Kook, also known by the acronym HaRaIyaH known, was a Jewish scholar and is considered one of the spiritual fathers of modern religious Zionism.

Located on the famous Yeshiva of Waloschyn (now in Belarus ), he studied the Talmud and Kabbalah. In 1904, he immigrated to Palestine in.

The first Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi of the League of Nations Mandate for Palestine (a position that was later taken over by the Great Rabbis of Israel ), he founded the Association of Großrabbinate of Israel, the Rabbanut and Israel's national rabbinical courts (Av ​​Bet Din) who collaborate with the Israeli government and responsible for legal matters such as marriage, divorce, conversion and education.

He arranged political alliances between secular Zionists and supporters of religious Zionism. His theological system according to which he saw the youthful, secular and even anti - religious, socialist pioneers who Chalutzim, as part of a larger divine plan by which the people of Israel from its two thousand years of exile ( Galut in Hebrew ) would be redeemed.

His empathy for anti- religious Jews aroused the suspicion of his haredi opponents, some of which belonged to the ancient rabbinical establishment that has existed since the time of Turkish control over Palestine. Their leader, Rabbi Joseph Chaim Sonnenfeld, Rabbi Kook was the greatest rabbinical rival.

Rabbi Kook is author of a wide range of topics catalog of works on Jewish thought and mysticism. He founded one of the most respected religious schools of Israel, the yeshiva Merkas HaRaw Kook in Jerusalem. Together with his son Zvi Yehuda Kook Abraham Isaac Kook is considered as the spiritual father of the messianic Gush Emunim settler movement.

He is the father of Zvi Yehuda Kook and the uncle of Peter Bergson ( 1915-2001 ).