Academy of Sciences
An Academy of Sciences is a learned society and a means to promote scientific research. There are also academies of arts, the promotion of artistic studies to prescribe.
At the heart of many traditional colleges is the union of senior scholars who regularly get together to exchange scientific. Academies are named after the Platonic Academy in Athens, one launched by the philosopher Plato Academy and one of the first academies at all. In honor of the Greek hero Academos, who was buried according to the forecasts in the olive grove acquired by Plato, the philosopher named the place "academy". The academies of science are either private ( so-called " Free Academies " ) or maintained by the state institutions. They differ from universities in that they usually operate any scientific theory. An exception represents, for example, the alma mater Europae ( European University for Leadership ), which takes as a scientific institution of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts in 2013 in Salzburg its operation.
German Academies of Sciences
In the Union of the German Academies of Sciences and eight major German science academies have come together:
- Academy of Sciences in Hamburg in Hamburg
- Academy of Sciences in Göttingen in Göttingen
- Academy of Sciences and Literature in Mainz
- Bavarian Academy of Sciences in Munich
- Berlin- Brandenburg Academy of Sciences in Berlin
- Heidelberg Academy of Sciences in Heidelberg
- North Rhine- Westphalian Academy of Sciences and Arts in Dusseldorf
- Saxon Academy of Sciences in Leipzig
In Germany is a National Academy of Sciences for a model that has been developed by the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina in Halle, be established. This academy is to be worn by a Council, to be appointed to the approximately 30 members from all scientific organizations and to represent the German science in international bodies. After over 15 years of controversial discussion was announced as the seat of the Leopoldina National Academy of Sciences of Germany on 22 February 2008.
Science academies around the world
In every country of Europe and almost every other country in the world there is at least one National Academy of Sciences or the Sciences and Arts. See an example of the list of scientific academies. In Austria there are, for example, a National Academy of Sciences, the Austrian Academy of Sciences. This goes back to an imperial foundation in 1847 and was retained by the Austrian Republic as a central point of non-university research. Exist in Turkey, for example, the Academy of Sciences of Turkey ( TÜBA ) and the Science and Technology Research Council of Turkey ( TUBITAK ). In addition, there are several academies that are internationally oriented, such as the European Academy of Sciences and Arts with stand 2012 had reported about 1,500 members, including 29 Nobel Prize winners.