Accademia dei Lincei

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The Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, or simply Accademia dei Lincei only ( in German, Academy of lynx -like ', lynx -like in the sense of clear-sighted ) was the first private institution for the promotion of science. It was founded in Rome in 1603 by the nobleman Federico Cesi and his friends Anastasio de Filiis, Francesco Stelluti and Johannes van Heeck. Your symbol was the lynx, the motto " Sagacius ista ". Today it is the national academy of sciences of Italy.


The best-known member of the Academy was Galileo Galilei, who was a member in April 1611. Giambattista della Porta members were also, a polymath and playwright, Cardinal Francesco Barberini, nephew of the later Urban VIII ( pope 1623-1644 ) and his secretary, Cassiano dal Pozzo.

With the death of its founder in 1630 it lost its importance. After varied fortunes she was in the 19th century, first in 1840 by Pope Gregory XVI. closed, but soon revived it: In 1847 Pope Pius IX. the Pontificia Accademia dei Nuovi Lincei. This Academy of Sciences was divided in 1870 with the conquest of the Papal States by Italy: the Italian Academy received the name Reale Accademia dei Lincei (abbreviation: R. Accademia dei Lincei ), the papal later received the name Pontificia Accademia dei Nuovi Lincei Romana.

As the members of the Royal Accademia dei Lincei fascism faced mainly reserved built Benito Mussolini 1926 Accademia d' Italia, with the Accademia dei Lincei in 1939 merged. The proposal by Benedetto Croce in August 1943, after the collapse of the Fascist regime wiederzuerrichten the old Academy, could only be realized in 1944: today it is under the name Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei. It continues the traditions and history of the Academy, founded in 1603.


After the statute of 1986, the Academy has 180 ordinary Italian, 180 foreign members and 180 Italian correspondents. They are divided into two classes ( Classe di Scienze fisiche, Matematiche e naturali di Scienze Morali and Classe, Storiche e Filologiche ) with different categories (eg Matematica, Mecccanica e Applicazioni or Archeological ) and sections ( as examples Matematica, Meccanica e applicazioni della Matematica or Botanica e applicazioni, organized only in the science class).