Accra is with 2,291,352 inhabitants (as of 2012), the capital and largest city in Ghana as well as its administrative and economic center. Mainly food, plywood, textiles and chemical products. Accra is with the city of Tema and the common surrounding the Greater Accra Region, one of the ten regions of Ghana. Like many other places on the coast of Ghana Accra also has a Akannamen Nkran. With the electric landfill Agbogbloshie the site was chosen in 2013 by the environmental organization Blacksmith Institute as one of the dirtiest places in the world.
Accra was founded in the 15th century by the Ga who wanted there to trade with the Europeans. A first built by the Portuguese Fort was soon burned by the locals. Although Accra had no connection to one of the major trade routes, established under the favorable conditions for a natural harbor in the 16th century, several powers European fortifications in and around Accra: the Dutch in 1605, the Fort Ussher, Sweden 1657 Christiansborg (which shortly thereafter by was taken over the Danes ), and finally the British in 1673 James Fort in the early 19th century, there was therefore a British, a Dutch and a Danish district of Accra.
Destroyed by an earthquake in 1862 Accra including its European forts in many parts. 1877, the capital of the then British colony "Gold Coast" of Cape Coast was moved to Accra. " Health reasons " were cited, among other things for this decision. The British wanted to build a city here according to their ideas, in order to protect themselves from the " diseases of the locals ."
Town -planning regulations were adopted after the British model, eliminating slum and created a rectangular streets and zoning system. The native population was displaced to the north of the European city in the crowded " Native Town". East arose British suburbs and, for example, a cricket and a golf course and a racecourse. 1899 Accra was the busiest port in the Gold Coast. However, Accra's importance lay in its trading activities; the production and processing of goods subject to limitations by the colonial legislation. A " Central Business District " was established for European businessmen from countries other than handling, storage and banking sector. After building a railroad to Sekondi- Takoradi to Accra developed into the economic center of Ghana final.
As the capital city of Accra colony was soon the center of civil resistance against colonial rule. Although in 1869 a failed attempt to set up along the lines of Fantiföderation same time formed an Accra Native Confederation as the first step towards self-government of the region; In 1897, however, the " Society for the Protection of the rights of the natives " prevented ( Aboriginal Rights Protection Society) in Accra a decree should make vacant and habitable land automatically becomes the property of the colonial power. 1920 arrived in Accra together 20 delegates from all parts of British West Africa and founded the National Congress of British West Africa, who campaigned for greater social and political rights of the locals. In 1948 it came to the so-called Accra riots after several peaceful demonstrators had been shot. These riots were a " midwife " of the independence movement in Ghana and made known nationwide later first president Kwame Nkrumah.
After independence, Nkrumah Accra said the "capital and center of growth of the national economy" of Ghana and promoted the city accordingly.
In Accra, there is the National Museum, the Ghana Academy of Arts and Sciences, the University of Ghana in Legon district, the National Archives of Ghana and Central Library.
In Accra's Korle Bu suburb is the University Medical Clinic, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital the. It is one of the most modern hospitals in West Africa. Here are located next to the internal medicine, surgery and other departments the only center for burns and one of the few Radiotherapy equipment in this region.
District of Accra
- Korle Gonno
- Victoria Borg
- Korle Lagoon
- Central Accra
- The Ridge
- Accra New Town
- Airport Residential Area
- Asylum down
Sons and daughters of the town
- Rukayatu Abdulai, Canadian track and field athlete
- Nana Abrokwa, German rapper and DJ
- Patrick K. Addai, children's book author and actor
- Eric Addo, football player
- Lee Addy, football player
- Mustapha Tettey Addy, drummers
- Godfried Aduobe, football player
- Lawrence Aidoo, football player
- Charles Akonnor, Ghanaian- German football player
- Jerry Akaminko, Ghanaian footballer
- Éric Akoto, Togolese football player
- Charles Amoah, football player
- Joseph Arthur Ankrah, former head of state of Ghana
- Anthony Annan, football player
- Stephen Appiah, football player
- Emmanuel Baffour, football player
- Ahmed Barusso, football player
- Cofie Bekoe, football player
- Eddy Blay, Boxer
- Richmond Boakye, football player
- Benjamin Boateng, soccer player
- Derek Boateng, soccer player
- John Boye, football player
- Razak Brimah, football player
- Marcel Desailly, French footballer
- Davidson Drobo - Ampem, football player
- Michael Essien, football player
- Joe Tex Frimpong, Football Player
- Asamoah Gyan, Football Player
- Nii Lamptey, football player
- Peter Mensah, Canadian- Ghanaian actors
- Alex Nyarko, football player
- Kofi Amoah Prah, German long jumper
- Lawrence Quaye, soccer player with ball katarischem
- Jerry Rawlings, former President of Ghana
- Christian Saba, football player
- Charles Takyi, German - Ghanaian footballer
- Anthony Tiéku, football player
- Guy Warren, jazz musician
- Anthony Yeboah, football player
- Aziz Zakari, Athlete
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