The ace, according to the old spelling ace, abbreviated A, from Old French as ( one unit), is a card value in the French Journal and in most card games the highest card. The correspondence in the German journal is the Daus.
Special features of the map
The card has the French journal in the middle of one of the color game icon ( ♠ ♦ ♥ ♣ ), which is also partly decorated. In German newspapers, such as the Bavarian or Württemberg, however, illustrations are to be found in the center, which have only loose or no connection to the suit. Most of these are allegorical representations, the German double sheet are based on four female figures of the four seasons again.
The ace of spades in the UK
In 1624, in the Netherlands a tax on documents and printed matter, including playing cards, introduced. William III. of Orange took over this idea when he became king of England, Ireland and Scotland. He led the "stamp duty " ( stamp duty ) one to finance his war with France. Originally intended as a temporary measure, the profitable delivery was maintained and managed by a separate authority which later became the tax authority. As of 1712 they went on to stamp the ace of spades in a card game by hand, to prove that the levy had been paid. From 1765 to the ace of spades was printed by the Authority, and provided the elaborate design with the royal coat of arms. In the lower part of the card, also found a reference to the manufacturer of the card game. Tampering or falsification of the card could pull sensitive penalties. From 1862 it renounced the tax stamp in the game itself and turned to the use of revenue stamps for the packaged card deck over. The manufacturer retained the elaborate design of the ace of spades in, however, instead of the tax proof they married now self-promotion with the card. - The German manufacturer ASA ( Altenburg playing cards ), however, used the ace of hearts for the labeling of its products.
Special features in the game
The Ace can be used in card games as a numbers game card 1 or as the highest card after the king. In games such as poker or blackjack, the player has the choice of which value the Ace: In poker, the ace counts, according to the best possible combination with other cards, either as 1 or as the highest card, followed by the king. It can be the ace so both the road A-2 -3-4 -5 as also form 10-J-Q-K-A. In blackjack, the player can choose whether he wants to evaluate the ace as 1 or 11. At seventeen and four, like a card game like blackjack, for example, is one of the ace in each case as Rummy 11 When the special rule applies similarly in poker.
In the double- head have the Karo aces a special role ( " foxes ").
- The ace of spades is often used in the U.S. pop culture.
- The band Motörhead 1980 named a song and an album Ace of Spades, which is the English name for the Ace of Spades.
- In France, the ace is often printed with the number 1 instead of an A. This tradition dates back to the French Revolution, where he was to demonstrate the victory of the common people over the authorities after that was one used as a trump card over the king. Located in the popular since the 15th century Tarot game the ace or the "1" is considered to be the smallest game card at the end of the false color series.
- In the card game Personality Identification Playing Cards, on the playing cards the most sought after by the Americans 52 people are represented in Iraq in 2003, the ace of spades adorns the image of Saddam Hussein.