Adélard Godbout

Joseph- Adélard Godbout ( in Saint- Eloi, Quebec * September 24, 1892; † September 18, 1956 in Montreal, usually called Adélard Godbout ) was a Canadian politician and agronomist. From 1929 to 1936 as well as 1939 to 1948 he was a liberal deputy of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec. Twice he ruled the province of Quebec as Prime Minister; from June to August 1936 as well as from November 1939 to August 1944. Afterwards he was opposition leader. From 1949 he served as a Canadian Senator.


Godbout was born in Saint- Eloi, a small village north-east of Rivière -du -Loup. His father was Eugène Godbout, farmer and Liberal deputy of the Legislative Assembly from 1921 to 1923, his mother was Marie -Louise Duret. Godbout received his education at the seminary in Rimouski, then he studied agricultural science in La Pocatière and in Amherst ( Massachusetts). In 1918, he returned to La Pocatière and taught until 1930 at the local agricultural college. From 1922 to 1925 he also worked for the Ministry of Agriculture of Quebec.

As a member of the Parti du Québec libéral Godbout won in May 1929 election and moved as before his father in the Legislative Assembly a. In August 1931, in November 1935 he succeeded each re-election. In the cabinet of Louis -Alexandre Taschereau, he served from November 1930 as Minister for Agriculture. Shortly after the 1935 elections was a widespread corruption network in the Parti libéral to light and Taschereau was forced to announce his resignation on 11 June 1936. Vice Governor Ésioff -Léon Patenaude appointed then Godbout as his successor. This in turn immediately called out early elections.

Although Godbout was unloaded and a new beginning promised suffered his party on August 17, 1936, a painful defeat, after which, led by Maurice Duplessis Union provided the national government. Godbout was defeated in his own constituency, but remained Chairman of the Liberal Party and was confirmed in June 1938 in this office. Shortly after the outbreak of World War II were again held elections. With the support of the Liberal Party at the federal level, the Quebec Liberals have won a clear victory. During the campaign, she had promised, among other things, that the introduction of compulsory military service not imminent.

On November 8, 1939 Godbout took over for the second time as prime minister, he also stood in front of the Ministry of Agriculture. The provincial government held a series of progressive reforms, which should form the basis for the Quiet Revolution of the 1960s. These included the introduction of women's suffrage at the provincial level ( against the opposition of the Catholic Church ), the introduction of compulsory education to 14 years and free primary education, improvements in labor law, the nationalization of Montreal Light, Heat and Power and the establishment of hydro - Québec and the promotion of French culture and language.

In the elections on August 8, 1944, the Liberals won, although a larger share of the vote, however, the National Union was able to win more seats. A crucial factor in the election defeat was that the military had now been introduced yet. Godbout remained until August 30, Prime Minister and then led the Liberals as opposition leader. The elections on July 28, 1948 ended with an even greater defeat for the Liberals, and also Godbout lost his seat Canadian Prime Minister Louis Saint -Laurent appointed him on 25 June 1949 for the senator. He held for seven years until his death in this office.