Adenosine monophosphate

  • Adenosine- 5'-monophosphate
  • Adenosine phosphate

Colorless, finely crystalline, odorless powder


196-200 ° C

  • PK1 3.8
  • PK2 6.2

Soluble in water

Template: Infobox chemical / molecular formula search available

Adenosine monophosphate (AMP ), also called adenylate, is a chemical compound that exists in the metabolism of all living beings. It is a nucleotide of the phosphoric acid esters of the nucleoside adenosine. AMP together with cytidine monophosphate (CMP ), guanosine monophosphate (GMP) and uridine monophosphate (UMP ), the basic building blocks of ribonucleic acid ( RNA).

Natural occurrence and importance

As part of the AMP RNA is present in all living things. The RNA used in cells for the conversion of genetic information from deoxyribonucleic acid ( DNA) into proteins.

AMP is the degradation product of cAMP, ADP and ATP, while the starting material. The phosphate group at the 5'- end of the ribose can not be used in the phosphorylation of other groups in the cell as the group transfer potential is too low ( not enough energy phosphate to the reaction ).

Use as bitter blockers

AMP was the first material in which it was discovered that he can block the bitter feeling of the tongue. AMP blocks the G- protein gustducin, which is involved in the bitter perception. It tries to make with bitter blockers food and medicines more palatable.