Administrative divisions of Georgia (country)
The administration of Georgia is highly centralized. It is divided into nine regions on the upper level (Georgian მხარეები, mchareebi, singular mchare ), two autonomous republics (Georgian ავტონომიური რესპუბლიკა, awtonomiuri respublika ) and the capital Tbilisi, which also enjoys the status of a region. On the middle level there are 73 municipalities ( Rajone, districts ) and at the local level about 1000 small towns and rural communities.
The two autonomous republics: Adjara and Abkhazia
There are 2 autonomous republics within Georgia: Adjara ( აჭარა, capital Batumi, ბათუმი ) and Abkhazia ( აფხაზეთი, capital Sukhumi, სოხუმი ). Abkhazia is not under control of the central government, but is controlled by a Russian supported internationally unrecognized separatist government. In practice prevails there is a continuous state of emergency. The political instability of Abkhazia and the anti -Georgian stance of the regional government have led to more than 250,000 Georgians have fled the area, resulting in the ethnic composition and total population of the region has significantly changed.
For these reasons, no reliable statistical data on the population of Abkhazia are available. Also in Adjara there was after the collapse of the Soviet Union separatist tendencies. However, it was the Georgian central government, again largely to integrate the region into the Georgian state. Adjara has the status of an autonomous republic of Georgia.
The nine regions
The regions were introduced between 1994 and 1996 with a presidential decree. They are considered temporary until the resolution of the secessionist problems with Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Your management tip forms a state commissioner (Georgian სახელმწიფო რწმუნებული, sachelmzipo rzmunebuli ), informally called Governor. He is appointed and dismissed by the President. The regions are further subdivided into several each municipality (Georgian მუნიციპალიტეტი ). South Ossetia administratively belongs mainly to the region of Inner Kartli, however, is how Abkhazia largely beyond the control of the central government and under the control of an internationally unrecognized, however, supported by Russia separatist government.
The middle management level: Cities and municipalities
The regions and autonomous republics are in a total of 67 municipalities ( Rajone, districts ) and 6 independent cities ( დამოუკიდებელი ქალაქი; Tbilisi, Kutaisi, Rustavi, Poti, Batumi, Sukhumi ) is divided.
The lower ( "communal" ) administrative level
On this level are:
- 55 cities ( ქალაქი - " Kalaki " ) that belong to a Rajon
- 50 small towns ( დაბა - " daba " ), comparable with urban settlements type of the Soviet period
- 842 municipalities ( თემი - " temi " )
- 165 villages ( სოფელი - " sopeli " )