Administrative units of Pakistan
The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a federal state under the Constitution of 1973. The country is divided into four provinces, a capital territory and divided three more or less managed by the federal government areas.
The provinces, the Capital Territory and the areas
Pakistan is divided into the four provinces of Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab and Sindh, the Islamabad Capital Territory and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas along the border with Afghanistan, the Gilgit- Baltistan special territory and the semi-autonomous territory of Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Each management unit is divided into districts ( total 119).
Divisions and districts
By August 2000, the four provinces were divided into 26 divisions, followed by the District as an administrative unit. Through administrative reform under Pervez Musharraf, the divisions were abolished and the provinces divided directly into 124 districts. The Pakistani districts thus now form the third administrative level.
The districts are divided into Tehsils, which in turn consist of villages or towns. There are in Pakistan over 5,000 of these administrative units. Since 2001, the villages and towns of democratically elected community meetings are managed, where a Nazim (Mayor ) projects. Women are each awarded at least a third of the seats in the town hall meetings.
Prior to 2001 there were a total of 106 districts, however, were reduced to 102 due to the administrative reform. The five districts of Karachi Division ( Karachi Central, Karachi East, Karachi South, Karachi West and Malir ) were grouped together for the new district Karachi. However, the number of districts increased soon after, in December 2004 through the establishment of four districts in the province of Sindh on 106 It involves the re-imported to 2000 existing district Umerkot and three new districts ( Kashmore, Qambar and Jamshoro ).
In May 2005, the former Tehsil Nankana district of Sheikhpura was raised to the District in the Punjab.
In Azad Kashmir, the divisions have been preserved as a third administrative level, the fourth level consists of eight administrative districts.
In Gilgit- Baltistan, there are a total of six districts, which are grouped into three divisions.