When the Admiralty was called in the past, the supreme command authority of many navies. Today, instead, often expressions such as admiralty, naval staff or similar conceptions are used. The term admiralty is derived from the naval rank of Admiral, and can equally refer to his staff as well as the meeting of the admirals of the Navy. The latter corresponds to the designation generals for all the generals in the army.
The Admiralty has functions similar to a General Staff. It implements policy requirements in military action and planning. These include, inter alia:
- Force planning
- Mobilization planning
- Use planning
- Operational command
- Personnel planning.
- Expedition planning
The leadership of military operations is, however, usually assumed by subordinate bodies, such as a fleet command.
In Germany the first time in 1853 an Admiralty for Prussian Navy was created in Prussia. The first Chief of the Admiralty was the then Prime Minister Otto Theodor von Manteuffel. In 1859, the Admiralty was dissolved and divided into the Maritime Administration and the Naval High Command.
After the Empire, the Imperial Admiralty was created for the Imperial Navy in 1872 from the Prussian Ministry of the Navy. After the accession of William II in 1889, the Admiralty was again dissolved and divided into the Naval Cabinet, the Supreme Command of the Navy and the Naval Office. 1919 to 1921 the Admiralty was created again as a substitute for the resolution Reichsmarineamt. Successor of Admiralty in 1921 the Navy Department.
In the German Navy today essential tasks of Admiralty by the Joint Staff of the Navy will be perceived in the Federal Ministry of Defence.
England - United Kingdom - United Kingdom
By 1400, the post of Lord High Admiral was created in England, whose responsibility was the operational management and control of the fleet. 1546 the Council of the Navy ( Marinerat ) was established, which later became the Navy Board ( Marine Committee ) was established to oversee the administrative affairs of the fleet.
The office of Lord High Admiral was often given in the Commission, that is, the official duties were of a committee, the Board of Admiralty, taken with Lords Commissioner of the Admiralty as members. It was chaired by the First Lord of the Admiralty ( First Lord of the Admiralty ).
The Board of Admiralty consisted of admirals who were designated as Naval Lords or Sea Lords and civilians, mostly well-known politicians. The First Lord of the Admiralty as chairman was usually a member of the Cabinet, after 1806 always a civilian. The operational management of the Navy took over a member of the Royal Navy as First Sea Lord.
1831 the Navy Board was abolished. His responsibilities were now perceived by the Board of Admiralty. In 1964, the Admiralty, the War Office and the Air Ministry was incorporated in the Ministry of Defence of the United Kingdom.
In the early modern period is also responsible for the protection of navigation and the safety of port operations authorities of smaller German city-states known as the Admiralty without these had to belong to an admiral. An example is the Hamburg Admiralty. In the Dutch Republic of the Seven United Provinces had a total of five Admiralties (Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Friesland, Noorderkwartier and Zeeland).
As the Admiralty this institution harboring building is often referred to, such as the Admiralty in St. Petersburg.
- General customer troops