Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler ( born March 25, 1844 in Sagan; † 10 October 1930 in Berlin) was a German botanist and plant the leading expert of his time. Its official botanical author abbreviation is " MANUAL ".
Life and work
Born in Lower Silesia Sagan (Polish Żagań ), he came with his parents, August and Pauline Engler, 1848 in Breslau (Polish: Wrocław). Here he attended until graduation in 1863, the Mary Magdalene school. 1866 doctorate Adolf Engler Dr. phil. at the University of Breslau. From 1871 to 1878 he was lecturer and Herbariumskurator in Munich. In 1878 he was elected to the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina. From 1878 to 1884 he taught Systematic Botany at the University of Kiel, where he put a botanical garden for the first time. Then he stepped in Wroclaw succeeded his doctor father Heinrich Goeppert as director of the Botanical Garden ( 1884-1889 ). At the age of 45 years he entered Berlin in October 1889 a full professor of systematic botany at the Friedrich- Wilhelms- University and was with this office also director of the Royal Botanical Garden and Museum in Schöneberg.
In 1900 he caused the relocation of the Botanic Garden Berlin Schöneberg to Dahlem and created this 43 -acre facility in Germany 's largest and most significant and with about 20,000 species richest botanical garden. A year earlier he had been able to achieve at the request of Governor Julius Freiherr von Soden establishing the botanical center for the German colonies.
Engler traveled 1889 Algeria and Tunisia, the Canary Islands in 1901, 1902 and 1905, southern and eastern Africa and tropical Asia 1906. In 1913 he undertook a voyage around the world.
1880 Engler founded the Botanical annuals that he oversaw as editor until 1930. The Botanical yearbooks are among the most important botanical treatises ever and are still invaluable to botanists and taxonomists (see the classification of plants according to Engler ).
Engler also took the test, the flora and the vegetation all over the world together in individual plants. Despite numerous employees this is only partially successful. Fully published the work " The natural plant families," which he published in the years 1887-1915, together with Karl Anton Eugen Prantl. From the series " The vegetation of the earth", which he published along with Carl Georg Oscar Drude in the years 1896-1923, 15 volumes have been published after all. The work " The plant kingdom ", which should even include all species on Earth, was started in 1900 and continued even after his death. By 1953, at least 107 volumes of the work have come out.
Several later famous botanist Richard Kolkwitz, Hermann Morstatt (1877-1958), Karl- Otto Friedrich Müller and Richard Schaudinn studied under Adolf Engler. Ferdinand Albin Pax (1858-1942), William Ruhland, Julius Schuster and George Volkens (1855-1917) were research assistants at Engler.
In accordance with his own request, he found his last resting place in the Botanical Garden in Berlin.
In 1913 he was awarded the Linnean Medal of the Linnean Society of London. The plant genera Englerastrum Briq. , Engler Ella Pierre, Engleria O. Hoffm. , Englerocharis Muschl. , Englerodendron Harms and Englerophytum Krause have been named after him. Also published by the Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin- Dahlem magazine Englera bears his name.