Adolf Lieben

Adolf Lieben ( born December 3, 1836 in Vienna, † June 6, 1914 ) was an Austrian chemist.


Loved ones was of Jewish origin, his father was Ignatz loves (1805-1862) and his mother Elise Lewinger ( 1807-1867 ). After studying at the universities of Vienna, Heidelberg, where he received his doctorate in 1856 with Robert Wilhelm Bunsen with distinction, and Paris, he habilitated in 1861 at the University of Vienna.

In 1865, he worked at the University of Palermo and 1867 at the University of Turin, in 1871, he taught at the University of Prague. From 1875 to 1906 Love was a full professor and head of the II University chemical laboratory at the University of Vienna.

Loved ones in 1870 and 1879 corresponding member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, and the scientific academies of Rome, Munich and Berlin. He received the 1903 Commander's Cross of the Order of Franz Joseph with the star and was Commander of the French Legion of Honour. In 1910 he was finally a member of the Austrian mansion.

Love was married to Mathilde Baroness von Schey since 1887. Their son Henry loved ones (1894-1945) was murdered in Buchenwald concentration camp.

After his death, loved ones was buried in the cemetery Döblinger. In his honor, created Carl Kundmann 1922 a bust in the arcades of the University of Vienna. Another bust is located in the Chemical Institute in Vienna.


Adolf loved ones was a pioneering researcher in the field of organic chemistry, which served primarily synthetic methods. He discovered named after him liebensche iodoform reaction and reasoned based on both the theory of atomic linking direction of organic chemistry in Austria. Love made ​​investigations on the constitution and synthesis of alcohols, aldehydes, acids and hydrocarbons, and also via the condensation of aldehydes to aldols. His most famous pupils was Carl Auer von Welsbach. Together with his friend, the chemist Ludwig Barth Barthenau he founded the Monatshefte fur Chemie.