Adolf Reinach

Adolf Reinach ( born December 23, 1883 in Mainz, † November 16, 1917 in Diksmuide, Belgium ) was a German philosopher, phenomenologist philosopher of language and legal theorists.


During the school year in Mainz Reinach interested in Plato. In 1901 he took up the study of psychology and philosophy in Munich. He studied with Theodor Lipps and became a member of Lipps - circle ( other members are Moritz Geiger, Otto Selz, Aloys Fischer and Johannes Daubert ). From 1903, he studied the works of Edmund Husserl.

In 1904 he received his PhD Lipps About the concept of cause in the applicable criminal law. He continued his studies in Munich in order to obtain a law degree. But he opted for a semester to Göttingen to go to study with Husserl.

In 1906 /07 he went to Tübingen, where he studied with the legal theorist Ernst Beling. With the support of Husserl, Reinach could habilitate in Göttingen in 1909. In 1912, Adolf Reinach, Moritz Geiger and Alexander pledges founded the " Yearbook of Philosophy and Phenomenological Research ", whose editor was Husserl.

Adolf Reinach married on September 14, 1912 in Mainz, physicist Anna Stetten Heimer. Together with her, he allowed himself to take in 1916 in Göttingen by baptism in the Lutheran church.

In addition to his work in phenomenology and general philosophy, Reinach speech act has, long before John Langshaw Austin, developed. His work was based on Husserl's analysis of the meaning in the Logical Investigations and Dauberts criticism thereof. Reinach's work, the a priori foundations of civil law was the first systematic treatment of speech acts. Pledges researched at the same time on a similar topic.

After the publication of Husserl's ideas in 1913, did not take a few phenomenologists a critical attitude to new theories of Husserl and his turn to idealism and transcendental phenomenology. A group of phenomenologists ( Reinach, Daubert ) was Husserl's early work, while mainly associated the Logical Investigations. This direction is called Realistic phenomenology is the philosophical direction of realism attributed.

With the onset of the First World War, Reinach voluntarily ( one-year volunteer ) reported to the military. On November 16, 1917 Reinach is at war in Diksmuide, Belgium, fallen.

Reinach had influence on younger phenomenologists such as, for example Wilhelm cubbyhole, Dietrich von Hildebrand, Alexandre Koyré and Edith Stein while he himself was mainly influenced by Edmund Husserl but also by Anton Marty and Johannes Daubert.

Writings (selection )

  • William James and pragmatism. In: World and knowledge. Hanover sheets for art, literature and life, vol 198 (1910), pp. 45-65.
  • Kant's conception of Hume's problem. In: Journal of Philosophy and Philosophical Criticism, Vol 141 (1911), pp. 176-209.
  • Rules at the top of syllogisms in Kant In: Kant-Studien, vol 16 (1911 ), pp. 214-233, ISSN 0022-8877
  • On the theory of the negative judgment. In: Alexander pledges (ed.): Munich Philosophical treatises. Festschrift Theodor Lipps. Publisher J. A. Barth, Leipzig, 1911, pp. 196-254.
  • The consideration. Your ethical and legal significance I. In: Journal of Philosophy and Philosophical Criticism, Vol 148 (1912), pp. 181-196.
  • The consideration. Your ethical and legal significance II In: Journal of Philosophy and Philosophical Criticism, Vol 149 (1913), pp. 30-58.
  • Paul Natorp " General Psychology after critical method." In: Göttingische scholars ads, Vol 176 (1914), Issue 4, pp. 193-214, ISSN 0017-1549.
  • About the concept of cause in the applicable criminal law. Publisher JA Barth, Leipzig 1905 ( zugl. Dissertation, University of Munich, 1905).
  • On the Phenomenology of the law. The a priori foundations of civil law. VDM Verlag Müller, Saarbrücken, 2007, ISBN 978-3-8364-0761-8 ( Nachdr d ed Munich 1953).
  • Karl Schuhmann (Ed.): The Complete Works. Text Critical Edition in two volumes. Philosophia Verlag, Munich 1989, ISBN 3-88405 -015- X.