Adolfo Alfredo Pedernera (* November 15, 1918 in Avellaneda, Buenos Aires Province; † 12 May 1995 ) was an Argentine football player and coach. " El Maestro " has won in both functions both in his home country as well as in Colombia with great success. With the national team he won the Copa America twice.
Both the Argentine CA River Plate and the Colombian CD Los Millonarios defines the time of his ministry the highlight of the club's history.
In Argentina Adolfo Pedernera is still run generally in the list of the five best players of all time.
Early years and Maquina River Plate
Adolfo Pedernera showed early talent with football. As an adolescent, he joined only Cruceros de la Plata, but had already attracted more than 14 -year-old suburban club for Bonarenser CA Huracán, where professional football was run. But it took just about a year before it was piloted by far the more prestigious CA River Plate.
With River he gave in 1935 as a 16- year-old made his debut in the Primera División. Originally it was played by the team that in previous years through the commitment of expensive players such as the Vice World Champion of 1930 and Bernabé Ferreyra Carlos Peucelle the nickname Millonarios earned, on the outside left. On 1 June 1941 he was first placed against Independiente in Estadio Monumental on the position of center forward. This is considered the birth of la Maquina ( " the machine " ), one of the outstanding club formations in football history.
Pedernera could often far back into the midfield and drove from there together with the settled law on half playmaker Jose Manuel Moreno offensive game and so opened space for the winger Félix Loustau and Juan Carlos Muñoz. The nominal half left attacking midfielder Angel Labruna understood it very well, thereby exploit the opportunities and was so División to one of the two most accurate player in the history of La Liga. Pederneras game as a reclusive center forward is regarded as the outstanding innovative contribution of Maquina for understanding tactics in football. About the Hungarian national football team of the 1950s, and also the work of Alfredo Di Stéfano at Real Madrid this interpretation, the center forward position found its way into European football. In historical Afterthoughts Pedernera is also often compared to the Dutch Johan Cruijff.
In his eleven years at River Plate Adolfo Pedernera acquired the reputation of being the " brain " of the Maquina and so he contributed to five championships. His team-mate, the right winger Juan Carlos Muñoz said in later years, in retrospect, " on the court, he was practically the coach ." In those years with a 5-1 success in superclásico against Boca Juniors River also celebrated the biggest win since the dawn of the professional era in this prestigegeladenem duel. His last game for River Plate on November 17, 1946 against Huracán defines the official end of Maquina. At River Plate him the young Alfredo Di Stéfano should follow the time being in jersey with the number 9.
Between 1940 and 1946, Pedernera in 21 appearances for the Argentina national football team to use, where he scored 8 goals. Best Merits here were the victories at the Copa America in 1941 and 1946, and the second place in 1942., 1946, he was thereby chosen as the best player of the tournament. His appearance at a World Cup was probably unable to attend because of other Adolphus.
Meanwhile, Adolfo Pedernera was instrumental in the founding of the players' union Futbolistas Argentinos Agremiados in 1944 and was its first vice president. Between 1948 and 1949 put the still existing organization by using sustainable strikes minimum salaries for players in the top two leagues.
On the way to Balet Azul Los Millonarios
1947 was followed by Adolfo Pedernera a million pesos range of CA Atlanta, a club from the district Bonarenser Villa Crespo. However, the season ended with the first descent of Atlanta from the premier league and Pedernera returned for season 1948 back to his youth club Huracán.
On a visit to Buenos Aires succeeded Carlos Aldabe, the time of his Argentine player-manager of the club CD Los Millonarios from Bogotá to convince Pedernera to join his team. Helpful in this respect was certainly that due to the protracted player strikes in Argentina were limited earning potential at that time for professional football players. Therefore addition Pedernera it attracted many more players, especially the stars, in a foreign country.
In June 1949, he was already waiting at the airport of the Colombian capital city of 5,000 fans and directed by motorcade in the city. Already his first appearance at the end of the month was celebrated exuberantly. " A phenomenon, an artist, a master of the pass, a player with intelligence. After the debut of El Maestro everything is possible, " praised him the local press.
Together with Alfredo Di Stéfano, with whom he has played with River Plate in a team, and Néstor " Pipo " Rossi, coming also from River, he reached with the Millonarios the Colombian football championship of 1949, with Pedernera two crucial goals in the due of equality necessitated playoffs against the runners-up Deportivo Cali achieved.
After Carlos Aldabe has resigned as coach of El Maestro player-coach. During this time the team Millonarios the famous Blue Ballet Azul was the Balet. The Millonarios won not only the national championships in 1951, 1952 and 1953, in the latter year, the Cup of Colombia, but impressed on numerous trips abroad, which led the team to Europe, a world-wide audience. One of the highlights were the three victories against Real Madrid Chamartin, today's Estadio Santiago Bernabéu, on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Spanish club operation.
1954 forced the 1951 Lima Pact closed most foreign players in Colombia, whose association was at that time ruled by FIFA to return to their home clubs. This also affected Pedernera, which therefore until 1955 another three times with Huracán in the Argentine Primera División played.
Coaching career in 1955
Between 1961 and 1962 coached Pedernera the Colombian national football team and led them to the possibility of their first finals appearance at the FIFA World Cup in Chile in 1962. In the qualification Colombia switched it from the favorites Peru. After the tournament, he coached the short term Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata.
He had great success the mid-1960s with the Boca Juniors. In the club he initially managed the football school and was a technical consultant with responsibility for the entire coaching staff. Under his aegis, the successful youth development concept la Candela was justified ( " candle "). Between 1963 and 1967 he sat over long distances even on the bench of the Combat Team. In 1965, he was but due to injuries he suffered in a car accident, the majority of the year prevented from performing his functions.
On the way to the first finals of Boca Juniors in the Copa Libertadores 1963, he sat watching the match against Universidad de Chile on the bench. The Juniors subject in the finals but his time with Pelé and other stars of the world's dominant team Santos FC from Brazil with 2:3 and at home with 1:2. Under Pederneras line Boca Juniors won the championship in 1964. Boca Juniors could defend the title the following year with Pederneras longtime companion and personal friend " Pipo " Rossi on the bench.
Between July and August 1969 Pedernera trained for four games, the Argentine national team. But he failed with this in the qualifiers for the 1970 World Cup in Peru.
More coach stations Pederneras were Huracán, CA Independiente and River Plate, as well as in the 1970s, yet CA Banfield in Argentina, América de Cali in Colombia and Nacional Montevideo in Uruguay.
1993 published Adolfo Pedernera his autobiography " El fútbol que que yo siento y vivi ... " ( The football I lived ... and I feel ), which he co-authored with journalist Alejandro Yebra. At the presentation of his work in the following year at the book fair Feria Internacional del Libro in Bogotá, he met again on his lifelong friends Alfredo Di Stéfano and Pipo Rossi.
In autumn 1995, Adolfo Pedernera died at the age of 76 years in Buenos Aires a heart attack. He was buried in the local cemetery Cementerio de la Chacarita.
Alfredo Di Stéfano remembers him as "the best player I've seen in my life. Undoubtedly, Maradona was exceptional, fantastic. The best in years. Even Pele can not ignore. For heaven's sake, even if it is difficult to make comparisons, Pedernera was a very complete player who could play all over the field. "
- Copa América: 1941, 1945
- Champion of Argentina: 1936, 1937, 1941, 1942, 1945
- Master of Colombia: 1949, 1951, 1952, 1953
- Cup of Columbia: 1953
As a coach:
- Champion of Argentina: 1965