Aegidius Tschudi

Aegidius Tschudi ( born February 5, 1505 Glarus, † February 28, 1572 at his castle Gräpplang, ibid ) was the first Swiss historian and politician at the same time. A bust of Gilg Tschudi also mentioned historian is situated in the of King Ludwig I of Bavaria built Valhalla.


Tschudi was born into a family Landammann long been resident and grew up in the turbulent times of the Reformation. The uncle of the Abbot Dominic Tschudi attended established in Glarus of Ulrich Zwingli Latin School. In Basel ( 1516) Glarean was his preceptor.

Tschudi to combine his later respective offices with the acquisition insight into old records and documents on the spot and use findings to scholarly work understood. He campaigned as an advocate for the Catholic side.

Property, pay services for the French and pensions allowed him a way of life without financial worries. His last seven years of life spent, also referred to as the Herodotus of Switzerland Tschudi in his native Glarus: There he brought the Gallia comata and the Chronicon Helveticum on paper.

Political action

The rural municipality transferred Tschudi bailiwick in Sargans ( 1530-1532 ) and after a stint as appointed by the Abbey of Saint Gall Obervogt Rorschach in the common rule of Baden ( 1533-1535 and 1549-1551 ). Between the two Baden tenures he worked scientifically. He also collected coins and wrote from Roman inscriptions wherever he found any.

In the second half of the century, the previously circumspect in matters of faith scientists developed a fanatical counter- reformer. As arbitrator in Locarner trade, he decided in favor of the Catholics. His persistent efforts to motivate old-believers Innerschweizer the military occupation of the majority of Reformed Glarus, led his people to call the faith dispute about Glarus " Tschudikrieg » ( 1560-1564 ). As Landammann Tschudi was the leader of the Catholic Glarus.

The next stop was Tschudi Rapperswil, where he pursued the conclusion of the Council of Trent.


His main work is considered the written between 1534-1536 "Swiss Chronicle ," which covers the country's history from 1001 to the year 1470. It exists in a single copy on the first available period of history from 1200 to 1470 and the later fair copy for the period after the year 1000. Tschudi At death, the year 1370 was achieved in this final version.

From the above-mentioned " Chronicon Helveticum " ( two volumes, only 1734-1736 of Johann Rudolf Iselin in Basel published ) won the legend of William Tell more widespread. Friedrich von Schiller made ​​use of later among other things this source collection for his eponymous drama. Tschudi's historical work is similar to the " Bairischen Chronicle " of Johannes Aventinus.

A similar significance has his work « Gallia comata " a description of the Helvetic early history up to the year 1000. Tschudi completed it in his death in 1572, printed it was in 1758. The Urallt warhafftig Alpisch Rhetia (1538 ), the only one published during his lifetime book, contains the first accurate map of Switzerland and a German text. This was the cartography in his country impulses and impulses. Theologically, the historians expressed in his great writing On Fegfür ( From Purgatory ).

Text sample

  • Chronicon Helveticum, Part 2: Anno MCCCCXV - a MCCCCLXX, Basel 1736 ( full text )