Afanassi Prokofjewitsch Schtschapow (Russian Афанасий Прокофьевич Щапов, scientific transliteration Afanasij Prokof'evič Ščapov, also Afanasiy Prokopievich Shchapov; * Maijul 5 / 17 May 1830greg in Anga, Irkutsk Governorate, .. † 27 Februarjul / 10 March 1876greg. . ) was a Russian historian of the " Siberian nationalism " ( Сибирское областничество ) was indicted and was persecuted by the authorities of the tsarist empire.
Afanassi Schtschapow was born in the village Anga, some 200 kilometers from Irkutsk, in a family of a Russian Buryat Küsters and a mother. He was trained in Irkutsk, then moved to Kazan and was a student at the Kazan Theological Academy ( 1852-1856 ). After acquiring the Bachelor he began at his alma mater lectures on Russian history to keep (1856-1860) and later at the University of Kazan ( 1860-1861 ). He also examined the Solovetsky monastery library, which had been evacuated during the Crimean War to Kazan. He was fascinated by the Solovetsky Monastery Uprising and began to write articles about the Schism and the Old Believers. On April 16, 1861 he gave a revolutionary speech, which was dedicated to the victims of Bezdna riots, after which he was captured and escorted to Saint Petersburg. After investigation Schtschapow was dismissed from his teaching and appointed officials in the Interior Ministry to sectarianism matters. In 1862 he was released and placed under police surveillance.
Afanassi Schtschapow wrote for many Russian magazines, including Отечественные записки (Notes of the Fatherland ), Русское слово (Russian word) Время ( Time), Век ( century ) and others In 1864 he was exiled to his birthplace and then to Irkutsk on suspicion that he maintained relations with Alexander Herzen and Nikolai Ogarev. In the summer of 1865 Schtschapow was arrested in connection with the so-called Siberian regionalism - affair. After his discharge, he worked for numerous magazines, including Дело ( thing ) Записки Сибирского отдела РГО ( Comments of the Siberian Department of the Russian Geographical Society ) and others In 1866 Schtschapow took as an ethnographer part in an expedition to the area of Turuchansk, which had been organized by the Siberian Department of the Russian Geographical Society. Afanassi Schtschapow died in 1876 of tuberculosis.
Afanassi Schtschapow is the author of many works on the history of sectarianism and the Schism ( Old Believers ), which he regarded as a manifestation of the people's protest against social oppression. Influenced by Grigory Eliseev and Stepan Yeshevsky he assisted in the years 1856-1864, the so-called " Zemstvo Oblast Theory" ( земско - областническая теория ), which looked at the Russian history as a process of interaction between certain " oblasts ". Schtschapows focus on geography and economy as the two Hauptagenzien in history is considered a harbinger of the next generation of Russian historians, represented by Vasily Klyuchevsky, Pavel Vinogradov and Gawrilowitsch Michael Rostovtzeff. Since the geographical conditions of the various Russian countries differ greatly from each other, Schtschapow spurned the opportunity to write a general history of Russia. He took the view that the Siberians were ethnically different from the rest of the Russian nation, because her character from the rough nature of the inhospitable country in which they live has been shaped and of the adventurous and daring spirit of the Old Believers, who had been the original settlers in Siberia were.
- О причинах происхождения и распространения раскола во второй половине XVII и в первой половине XVIII вв. ( 1857)
- Голос древней русской церкви об улучшении быта несвободных людей " (1859 )
- Русский раскол старообрядства. Kazan 1859
- Смесь христианства с язычеством и ересями в древнерусских народных сказаниях о мире " (1861 )
- Состояние русского духовенства в XVIII столетии " (1862 )
- Земство и раскол. Бегуны (1862 )
- Автобиографии (Irkutsk 1884)
- Сочинений, 3 vols (Saint Petersburg 1906-1908 )