The Ahl -i Hadith are an Islamic reform movement in South Asia. The result is this school of thought mid-19th century from the tariqa -yi Muhammadiyah, by the teachings of Shâh Walîyullâh Dihlawî ( 1703-1763 ) was influenced. Some of their supporters sought in 1832 to Yemen, where they b with the scholar Muhammad. Ali al - Schaukani came into contact. In his teachings and those of the two medieval scholar Ibn Taymiyya and Ibn Hazm based the ideas of the Ahl -i hadith substantially.
They reject the four schools of law of Sunni Islam. They reject the veneration of saints ( walis ), graves cult ( Ziyara ) and spoken or silent remembrance of God ( dhikr ) of the Sufis, popular expressions of Islamic piety in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. For this reason the Ahl -i hadith from their Islamic enemies and the British colonial rulers were called Wahhabis. But to a systematic cooperation did not occur until after 1924, before that denied many leading Ahl -i hadith any proximity to the Wahhabis. A prominent opponent of the Ahl -i Hadith in Bengal was Muhammad Naimuddin ( 1832-1908 ).
The regional focus of the Ahl -i hadith were initially the eastern part of the Gangetic plain ( Bengal, Bihar and the space Benares ) and Delhi. From about 1860 came the Punjab, especially Amritsar, as further emphasis added. The Ahl -i hadith from the eastern part of the province fled like the other Muslims in 1947 to Pakistan, where Faisalabad and Gujranwala developed new strongholds. Stark also the school of thought in the region Baltistan is represented in the Hindu Kush.
In the centers of South Asian, V.A. Pakistani, immigration to Britain have emerged in recent decades, some Ahl -i hadith communities. The center of their organization is located in the Green Lane Mosque in Birmingham.