Ahvaz (Persian اهواز; Ahvāz, also Ahwaz Ahwaz or ) is a city in Iran, on the bank of the river Karun in the middle of the province of Khuzestan. The newer part of Ahvaz with industrial areas located to the right of the Karun, the older parts of the left bank. With over 1,000,000 inhabitants Ahvaz is the largest city in the province of Khuzestan.
A large minority with about 30 % of the inhabitants are Iranians of Arab descent. The slang is mostly Persian, but in large part also Arabic. The official language is Persian. In addition, living in Ahvaz, among other lures and Schuschtari.
Ahvaz stands on the site of the ancient Tareiana. At this point led the Persian King's Road from Susa to Persepolis over the river Karun. The city was later expanded Tareina under the Sassanid king Ardashir I and renamed Hormuzd Ardashir. The king built near the city of a dam on the Karun. The importance of the city grew and soon Hormuzd Ardashir became the capital of the province Susania. When the Muslim Arabs conquered the Sassanid Empire named it Hormuzd Ardashir in Suq al - Ahwaz ( the marketplace Huzi ), where Ahwaz is the Arabic plural form of Huzi to. The Huzi were a warlike tribe of the region and according to them the present Khuzestan province is named. Among the Arabs Ahwaz remained an economically important city until the Zanj Rebellion in the 10th century led to major upheavals in the region and the decline of the city. The city recovered in the 15th century broke up the dam. Beginning of the 20th century, the city had only 2,000 inhabitants, but the discovery of oil deposits meant that the city grew so in 1926 again became the capital of the province of Khuzestan. 1948 exceeded the inhabitants mark the 100,000.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Siamak Aghaei, Santurspieler and composer
- Ali Doraghi, Basketball Player
- Hamed Haddadi, Basketball Player
- Hossein Kaabi, football player
- Eman Mobali, football player
- Abu Nuwas, poet
- Ali Shamkhani, Admiral and Defense
- Siavash Shams, singer
- Amir Taheri, Journalist
- Ali Ghardooni, athletes
Ahvaz in 2011 was listed by the World Health Organization as the most air polluted city.