Under an airport terminal (also called a terminal or terminal building ) is understood in the air traffic area of the airport where the passenger traffic is, the reception building. The terminal is divided into a " land-side " area, and a " airside " area. On the land side includes all public access roads and streets as well as the main hall with a ticket counter and check-in. Often there is also still numerous services such as banks, restaurants and car rental companies at major airports beyond even doctors' offices, conference rooms or an airport hotel. In some places this landside area has grown into a huge shopping and service center, which is often larger than the terminal itself
Visitors accompanying departing passengers arriving or want to pick up must also wait on the land side, until the passenger has passed through the security checkpoint. By passing the security control enters or leaves it the " air side " of the terminal. Here the departing guest will find the shops for duty free shopping ( " Duty Free Shops" ) and other service facilities that are suitable for the passenger to shorten the waiting time up to the call of his flight. Normally one enters through a jetway almost the same height as the plane. For large aircraft can also use two ( the Airbus A380: three ) are used fingers simultaneously to speed up the boarding process - assuming the terminal is structurally prepared for such a large aircraft.
Large airports can not able to check all aircraft directly at the terminal often. In such cases, there is satellite buildings ( the term terminal would be wrong here ), to which the passengers will be taken by a people mover. Here you will find all airside service facilities of a departure terminals including passenger boarding bridges, but no arrivals and no country, because the satellite is only accessible from checked passengers.
Airports that do not have jetways that bring passengers by bus transfer from the terminal to the appropriate plane that the passengers have to climb stairs. The same applies to aircraft that were parked either at the terminal or at the satellite, but on a free parking area of the apron.
Arriving passengers can be accommodated on the reverse path directly through the jetway, the People Mover or bus transfer to the terminal, where they are ( for international flights ) initially for immigration control, and then forwarded to the arrivals area. There, the baggage of all travelers is delivered on a conveyor belt. After the passenger has lifted his luggage from the conveyor belt, he passes through the customs control through a security back to the country side and to the exit.
Chance also the term cargo terminal for the building for release of air freight or the entire loading district is used.
Air cargo terminals
Air cargo terminals are divided into four types mainly.
The Shed terminals edit essentially spare air traffic (LEV ). They have low handling capacity of less than 75,000 tons and edit the inbound and outbound flow of goods on the same surfaces. The machines used are designed for high flexibility.
The station terminals are located on the airfield with direct access to the apron, they have a mean envelope power that lies 75000-250000 tons. They achieve good utilization levels by high flow and have partially fixed conveyor systems to the camp.
In Center terminals there is a very large transfer share of well over 50 percent. Your envelope power is 250000-1 million tons. These separate inbound and outbound goods flows are established.
The hub terminals have a very large throughput capacity of over 1 million tons. It has a very high level of automation, which allows a minimum residence time of loading units in the terminal. Hub terminals are characterized by the importance of sorting.
- Airfield infrastructure