Ajax (American automobile)
The Ajax was a car brand that the Nash Motors Company established in May 1925 in Racine (Wisconsin ) to (around $ 1,000 ) offer also in the low-price segment a vehicle.
Beginning of 1924 was specially bought for the construction of the vehicle, the huge factory of the former Mitchell Motor Car Company in Racine ( Wisconsin). Chief engineer was Earl G. Gunn, who had held previously decommissioned in the early 1924 LaFayette Motors Corporation in Milwaukee (Wisconsin ) this position. Machinery and equipment LaFayette production were transported from Milwaukee to Racine and adapted to the Ajax- production.
The construction of the Ajax based on the major contemporary Nash Special Six models and Advanced Six. The concept of a cheap brand but did not go on; were sold during the Special Six and the Advanced Six reached much higher numbers during the same period only 20,000 Ajax. Therefore, the brand was allowed to die again in the following year and named the six-cylinder car in Nash Light Six to. Two years later the name was revised model Nash Standard Six.
The new Ajax, model 220, had a chassis with only 2,743 mm wheelbase. The side-valve six-cylinder in-line engine with 2,779 cc ( bore x stroke = 76.2 mm × 101.6 mm) was newly developed and a first in this class. He made 40 bhp (29 kW) at 2400 rpm. Single-plate dry clutch and three-speed gearbox ( with floor shift ) has shared the Ajax with the larger Nash models as well as the rear-wheel drive. The brakes were mechanically operated; also for the first time in the middle class they worked on all four wheels.
The vehicles were supplied in two different versions: a four-door touring car to $ 865 and a four-door sedan to U.S. $ 995
1926-1927: Nash Light Six
In May 1926, the Ajax was renamed without any technical or stylistic changes in Nash Light Six. The internal model number 220 has been retained. The two four-door bodies a two-door coupe was also offered. The accounts of the Board, who wanted to boost by renaming the car the sales went on: There were 60% more sold than in the previous year.
1927 changed to the body lines a bit, so that gave smoother lines. Technical changes did not exist. New additions were a two-door sedan and a four-door luxury sedan.
1928-1929: Nash Standard Six
In model year 1928 Six Light is named in Standard Six, model 320. The engine was ( = 79.4 mm x Bore x Stroke 101.6 mm) drilled out to 3,017 cc and now made 45 bhp (33 kW) at 2600 rpm. The condenser was slightly higher and the four-door luxury sedan was replaced by a Landaulet. In addition there was the first time a two-door convertible.
1929, the wheelbase of the model was extended to 2,858 mm 420, engine power increased at a constant displacement to 50 bhp (37 kW) at 2,800 rpm. The new and even higher and narrower radiator showed a herringbone pattern.
1930 replaced the new Single Six Six standard and its larger sister Special Six.
- Kimes, Beverly R. (Editor), Clark, Henry A.: The Standard Catalog of American Cars 1805-1942, Kraus Publications ( 1985), ISBN 0-87341-045-9