Akademio de Esperanto
The Academy of Esperanto is not to be confused with the International Academy of Sciences San Marino ( AIS), the Esperanto used in practice as an academic language, but does not exercise control of language development. Some members of the Academy of Esperanto also work in the AIS with.
Predecessor of the Academy of Esperanto was the Lingva Komitato ( "Language Committee " ) that an "upper Commission 'was that called itself " academy ". In 1948, the Academy received the name " Academy of Esperanto " after a reorganization.
The Academy of Esperanto is comprised of various departments, which deal with the different linguistic areas of work of the Academy. The divisions are not strictly required, but can be broken down as needed. Each department is headed by a Director. Each member of the Academy can be a member in accordance with its interests different departments.
Currently there are the following departments: technical language, grammar, general vocabulary, literature, pronunciation, control of teaching and counseling center.
The Academy also maintains committees that meet various non -linguistic tasks. Each Commission is headed by a Director. In September 2007 was merely one such Commission: History of the Academy of Esperanto.
The Academy of Esperanto created Konsultejo 1999, the Commission de la akademio [ Advisory Agency of the Academy ], which everyone Esperanto speakers can apply for specific language issues in order to obtain advice and recommendations.
Decisions and recommendations
- Ninth official supplement of the Universala Vortaro [ Universal Dictionary ] (2007)
- On special techniques concerning Esperanto alphabet and orthography (2007)
- One of the country names (1974, 1985, 1989, 2003)
- For discharges of Komun / a: komunumo, komunaĵo, komuno (1990 )
- Recommendations on proper names (1989 )
- The Passivpartizipien (1967 kaj 1989)
- Expression of the agent in a complementary function ( 1986)
- At the Esperanto alphabet and orthography (1982 )
- Regarding the word ' po' (1974 )
- Some abuses (1973 )
- For Reflexive (1971 )
- Investigate and rule on word formation (1967 )
The Academy consists of 45 members who are appointed for a period of nine years. A new member must be proposed by at least five members of the Academy, representing at least three different national languages . It usually is Esperanto lodges, Esperanto teacher or writer. Outstanding personalities can be appointed as " corresponding members ". President of the Academy were John R. C. Isbrucker (Netherlands, 1948-1963 ), Gaston Waringhien (France, 1963-1979 ), William Auld ( UK, 1979-1983 ), André Albault (France, 1983-1995 ), Werner Bormann ( Germany, 1995-1998), Geraldo Mattos (Brazil, 1998-2007 ) and John C. Wells ( Great Britain, since 2007).