Akiva Eger

Akiba Eger ( Akiba Eger, Akiba ben Moses Eger, Akiba the Younger, Akiba ben Moses gins from Eisenstadt; * November 8, 1761 in Eisenstadt, Burgenland, † October 12, 1837 in Poznań ) was a rabbi in Mark- Friedland and poses and applies as the greatest Talmudic authority of his time.


Akiba Eger visited the yeshiva of his uncle, Rabbi Benjamin Wolf Eger in Wroclaw, and then was itself Rosh Yeshiva in Polish Lissa, a rabbi in Mark- Friedland (1791-1815) and later in Poznan.

Eger was considered one of the greatest Jewish scholars of his time, as well as the unofficial chief rabbi of the province of Posen. He kicked it repeatedly as a defender of orthodoxy against the innovations of the Maskilim up, took the other hand also important reform proposals, such as the school system, and was also active politically for the improvement of the position of the Jews towards the authorities. A number of substantiated by the welfare institutions lasted until the Second World War.

The Chief Rabbinate of Poznan his son Solomon Eger followed after.

Writings (selection )

Literature (selection )

  • SI Fighting, biography of famous high most blessed Lord Akiva Eger upper Rabinen to Posen, author of a collection of legal opinions, together with a Hebrew poem mourning his passing, Lissa - Salzuflen 1838
  • Heinrich Loewe, articles Akiba Eger the Younger, in: Jewish Encyclopedia, Berlin 1927, Vol II
  • Encyclopedia of Judaism, etc. Gütersloh 1971
  • Julius H. Schoeps, eds, New Encyclopedia of Judaism, Gütersloh / Munich 1992
  • Biographical Handbook of rabbis, ed. by Michael Brocke and Julius Carlebach, edited by Carsten Wilke, Part 1: The rabbis of the time emancipation in the German, Czech and Polish big countries from 1781 to 1871, Volume 1, Munich 2004