Al-Mawardi

* 972 in Basra; ; Abū l -Hasan al - Mawardi (Arabic أبو الحسن علي بن محمد بن حبيب البصري الماوردي, DMG Abū ʿ Alī ibn l Ḥasan Muḥammad ibn Habib al - Basri al - Mawardi, Latinized Alboacen † 1058 in Baghdad ) was an important Muslim jurist ( faqih ). His writings on Islamic law are relevant to this day.

Life

Al- Mawardi studied Islamic law ( fiqh ) by Abu 'l- ʿ Abd al- Wahid Qāsim al - Ṣaimarī in Basra. After that he went to Baghdad to deepen at Abu Hamid Ahmad ibn Abī al - Tahir Isfarāyinī (d. 406 after Hijra ) and ʿ Abdallah al - Baqi his studies. He then became the judge ( Qadi ) appointed and then became higher and higher offices until he finally supreme judge of Baghdad. He is considered the author and supporters of the so-called " doctrine of necessity" at the political level. This means that he advocated a strong caliphate and was of the opinion that full powers for governors would plunge the country into chaos.

The Abbasid Caliph al- Qaim bi Amr Allah appointed him his ambassador and sent him to various countries.

Works (selection)

  • The " Kitaab al - Hawi 'l- Kabīr ", a monumental work of Shafi ʿ ītischen law, some shelf meters long;
  • A commentary on the Qur'an under the title " Kitaab at - nukat wa 'l- ʿ Uyūn " ( "Book of pertinent remarks and refinement characteristics of knowledge" ), in which he represents isolated at points, but not all theological questions mu ʿ tazilite views;
  • , in which state- theoretical problems discussed in a book under the title " al - Ahkam as- Sultaniya ";
  • A book under the title " Adab al- Dunya wa ' d- dīn ", a work on ethics.