The administrative divisions of Albania (Albanian Njësitë administrative e Shqipërisë ) is officially out of a total of three levels:
- The twelve Qarqe (regions)
- The 36 circles
- And 373 rural and urban communities ( Komuna respectively. Bashkia ).
Before the Second World War there were ten prefectures in Albania and 30 sub-prefectures (Albanian nënprefekturë ). During the communist period, there have been changes in the management structure; the most important were: division of land in 1947 in 26 counties ( Albanian rrethe ), return to the ten Qarqe with 39 circles in 1953, reorganization into four Qarqe with 34 circles in 1956 From 1967 to 1991 there were only 26 counties without. parent management unit, the majority of which corresponded to the historical and geographical areas.
After the democratic changes in 1991, so far 26 districts have been added ten more. In addition, 12 prefectures were established.
Under the new Constitution of 1998 nominally twelve Qarqe were created instead of standing in the criticism prefectures to decentralize the administration. The Qarqe are geographically identical to the prefectures and were officially established by law in 2000.
The functions and composition of each layer
The Qark councils are made up of the mayors of all municipalities ( Komuna ) and cities ( Bashkia ) in this field together. They are responsible for certain tasks of local government, which are spelled out in the Law on the organization and function of local government in 2000. Local governments, however, are financially highly dependent on the central government. This also appoints the Prefect, who officiate as a supervisory body for the government in each Qark and get the non- delegated tasks the local shops.
Although the circle of their administrative tasks were delivered, they are still ubiquitous in everyday Albanian. Because the circles correspond in contrast to the parent Qarqe the traditional regions (for example, Mirdita, Dibra, Mat, Hat, Tropoja, Kolonja, Skrapar ), respectively, the cities with their traditional catchment area (for example, Tirana, Elbasan, Librazhd, Gramsh, Gjirokastra ). The license plate and the list of ISO 3166-2 codes for Albania are still divided always circles.
In total, 308 municipalities ( komuna ) has around 2,962 villages. The municipalities ( bashkia ) amount to 65