Albens is a town in the French department of Savoie in the Rhone -Alpes. It is the capital of the canton in the Arrondissement Albens Chambery.
Albens is located on 353 m above sea level. Level, about 25 kilometers north of the town of Chambery (air line). The village is located in the southwestern Albanais, in the foothills of the Alps, on both sides of the creek Albenche on the western edge of the wide valley which connects the basins of Rumilly with the Lac du Bourget.
The area of 15,30 square kilometers municipal area comprises a portion of Albanais. The main part of the territory occupied by the 3 km wide valley floor, which continues from Rumilly south to the area of Aix -les- Bains. Previously, the Valley was formed in Albens a large swamp area, today more and more areas are drained and reclaimed from the moor. The valley is drained by the Deisse and at Albens flowing from the west Albenche south to the Lac du Bourget. On the north-east of the municipality extends to the bottom of the pond Etang de Crosagny.
The eastern boundary of the municipality is approximately in the middle of the valley floor, mostly along the stream of Deisse. From here, the municipality's area extends westward across the valley and the plateau of Albens up on the adjacent hill zone. This Molassehöhen (above Dressy is 685 m above sea level. M. reached the highest elevation of Albens ) are upstream of the anticline of the Montagne du Gros Foug.
To Albens next to the village itself includes several different villages, hamlets and farmsteads settlements, including:
- Braille ( 368 m above sea level. M. ) in the valley southwest of the Etang de Crosagne
- Pégis (390 m above sea level. M. ) on the western edge of the valley floor
- Ansigny (501 m above sea level. M. ) on a site west of the valley floor back
- Dressy (590 m above sea level. M. ) on the hillside west of the valley floor
- Pouilly (460 m above sea level. M. ) on a terrace above the village
- Collonge (530 m above sea level. M. ) on the eastern slope of the hill zone
- Lépau (460 m above sea level. M. ) north of the Valley of Albenche
- Marlin (410 m above sea level. M. ) on the plateau west of the valley floor
- Orly ( 350 m above sea level. M. ) on the western edge of the valley floor
Neighboring communities of Albens are Massingy and Bloye in the north, Saint- Félix and Saint- Girod to the east, and La Mognard Biolle in the south and Saint- Germain- la- Chambotte and Cessens in the West.
The territory of Albens was already inhabited during the Roman period. At that time the place was called Albinnum or albinum and lay on an important transport route that led from Aquae ( Aix -les- Bains ) to Boutae (today Annecy ). From this time various wall foundations, ceramics and tombs have survived. Over time, the name (14th century) and Arbensi walked over Albinno, Albenno, Albinnenses ( before the 11th century ), Villa Albensi ( 1355 ), Prioratus de Albenco castellania ( 1451 ) to the present Albens. The place name probably goes back to the Celtic tribe of the Albani.
Under Count Amadeus V of Geneva, the new town was founded Albens next to an existing already in the Middle Ages settlement. In the 15th century it belonged as a fief to rule Montfalcon. In 1451 Albens received certain liberties. To a field change occurred in 1972 when the previously independent community Ansigny was incorporated into Albens.
The three-nave parish church was built in 1867. From the 19th century, the chapel of Notre Dame de Tout pouvoir comes in Ansigny. The Chapel of the Sacred Heart in Dressy was built in 1882. In the Office du Tourisme is a small museum is housed, which displays finds from the Roman period.
With 3371 inhabitants ( 1 January 2011) Albens belongs to the medium-sized towns in the Savoie département. Since the early 1970s was due to the residential location and good transport links between the centers of Aix -les- Bains, Annecy and Rumilly seen a continuous increase in population.
Economy and infrastructure
Albens has long been a predominantly coined by agriculture and retail spots. In addition, developed since the 1970s, various companies of small and medium enterprises. To the east of the settlement area near the train station, a commercial and industrial zone was established. Meanwhile, the village has developed into a residential community. Many workers are commuters who engage in the larger towns in the area as well as in space Chambéry and Annecy their work.
The place is a good infrastructure. It lies on the main road N201 that runs from Chambery to Annecy. From this main road branches in place, the Department of Road D910 from after Rumilly. Further road links exist with Saint- Girod, Massingy and Saint -Germain- la- Chambotte. The nearest links to the A41 motorway is located at a distance of about seven kilometers. Albens has a station on the railway line Aix -les- Bains- Annemasse.