Albert Louis François Fert ( born March 7, 1938 in Carcassonne, Aude ) is a French physicist and Nobel Prize winner for physics in 2007.
Life and work
Albert Fert was born the son of physicist Charles Fert and Fert teacher Irmine born Signol. Even his one year younger brother André is a physicist.
After the visit of Pierre de Fermat school in Toulouse, he studied from 1957 to 1962 mathematics and physics at the École Normale Supérieure (rue d' Ulm) in Paris. From 1962 to 1964 he was an assistant at the University of Grenoble and completed his thesis Résonance magnétique Nucléaire de l' hydrogène absorbé par le palladium ( nuclear magnetic resonance of absorbed hydrogen on palladium ) to. From 1964 to 1965 he made military service, and then go as Assistant Professor at the University of Paris-Sud. There he received his doctorate in 1970 with a thesis on transport properties of iron and nickel, and took over the management of a research group. Since 1976 he teaches as a professor. Since 1995 he is also scientific director of the co-founders of common Labores his university and the Centre national de la recherche scientifique.
The group of Fert discovered in 1988 the GMR effect in thin films of iron and chromium. A little later, the group released by Peter Grünberg similar test results, which are based on independent research. This effect allowed the construction of extremely sensitive read heads, which are now used in almost all hard disks. Thus, the storage density could be increased considerably. For these discoveries he received in 2007, together with Peter Grünberg, Nobel Prize for physics. In addition, Fert made important contributions to spintronics.
On July 20, 1967, he married Marie -Josée Ortega, with whom he has two children. His hobbies include jazz, photography and cinema, as well as rugby, tennis and windsurfing.
Albert Fert has published over 300 articles in scientific journals. He also published:
- Propertys électrique de transport dans le Nickel et le fer. Dissertation, Paris 1970
- IA Campbell: Transport properties of ferromagnetic magnets. : Erich Peter Wohlfarth (Ed.): Ferromagnetic Materials. Volume 3, North Holland, Amsterdam [ua ] 1982, ISBN 0-444-86378-8
- With P. Bruno: interlayer coupling and magneto termoresistencias in multilayers. In: J. Anthony C. Bland (ed.): Ultrathin Magnetic Structures. Volume 2, Springer, Berlin 1994, ISBN 3-540-57687-8
- With A. Barthélémy and F. Petroff: Giant Magnetoresistance of Magnetic Multilayers. In: Kurt Heinz Jürgen Buschow (Ed.): Handbook of Magnetic Materials. Volume 12, North -Holland, Amsterdam [ ua], 1999, ISBN 0-444-50249-1