Alberta Liberal Party

The Alberta Liberal Party (French Parti libéral de l' Alberta) is a liberal political party in the Canadian province of Alberta. The party is ideologically oriented similarly as the Liberal Party of Canada at the federal level, but the two parties are organizationally independent. It is however often the case that politicians are members of both the provincial and the federal party. From 1905 to 1921, the Alberta Liberal Party three prime ministers in a row, ever since she was but always in opposition. Since the elections in April 2012, she is represented by five deputies in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta.


On September 1, 1905, the day of the founding of the province of Alberta, the Alberta Liberal Party emerged Party of the Northwest Territories from the former Liberal - Conservative. The following day, party chairman Alexander Cameron Rutherford was appointed the first prime minister of the new province. This led the party in the first elections in November 1905 for an absolute majority. The government broke apart in 1910 after Rutherford had been accused of being incompetent. Rutherford was succeeded by Arthur Sifton, who held the party weakened by a scandal and two election victories led. He was succeeded in 1917 Charles Stewart.

While Stewart's reign was the party involved in several scandals. This led in 1921 to a delicate electoral defeat. It was the most recent time that the Liberals were able to ask the provincial government. 1940 formed the Liberals an informal alliance with the Conservatives, the Independent Citizen 's Association ( Association of Independent citizens) to oust the ruling Social Credit Party of Alberta. The tactic failed and the alliance broke apart. In the 1944 elections, candidate, not a single liberal candidate.

Although the Liberals were able to unite in 1955 almost one third of all voters on but started as a result of internal power struggles, a constant decline. In ideological terms, the party between the conservatives and the social democratic NDP was blocked. The Conservatives took over increasingly liberal positions. This meant that the party was no longer represented from 1971 to 1986 in the provincial parliament. Also contributed to the low popularity of the Liberal Federal Government under Pierre Trudeau.

In the 1980s there was again an upward trend. Laurence Decore, the mayor of Edmonton, led the Liberals in 1993 the biggest success since the 1920s. Although they won all the seats in the provincial capital, reaching a share of the vote of nearly 40 percent. But the Conservatives remained to this day, remains in power, while the share of the vote of the Liberal decreased continuously.

Election results

Party chairman

P = Prime Minister

  • Alexander Cameron Rutherford (1905-1910) P
  • Arthur Sifton (1910-1917) P
  • Charles Stewart (1917-1922) P
  • John R. Boyle (1922-1924)
  • Charles R. Mitchell (1924-1926)
  • John Campbell Bowen ( 1926)
  • Joseph Tweed Shaw (1926-1930)
  • George H. Webster (1930-1932)
  • William R. Howson (1932-1936)
  • Edward Leslie Gray (1937-1941)
  • James Prowse (1947-1958)
  • Grant MacEwan (1958-1960)
  • David Hunter (1962-1964)
  • Michael Maccagno (1964-1966)
  • Adrian Berry ( 1966)
  • Michael Maccagno (1966-1969)
  • John T. Lowery (1969-1970)
  • Robert Russell (1971-1974)
  • Nicholas Taylor (1974-1988)
  • Laurence Decore (1988-1994)
  • Bettie Hewes (1994 )
  • Grant Mitchell (1994-1998)
  • Ken Nicol (2001-2004)
  • Don Massey (2004)
  • Kevin Taft (2004-2008)
  • David Swann (2008-2011)
  • Raj Sherman ( since 2011 )