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Alcains is a Portuguese parish ( freguesia ) and small town ( Vila ) in the district of Castelo Branco. The community is located 37 km ² and has 5019 inhabitants (as at 30 June 2011).
Centrally located in the district of Castelo Branco, the place Alcains is about 10 km from the district town.
The traces of human settlement go here date back to the Neolithic period. Even from the time of the Roman occupation there are a number of findings, such as an oven or gods column from the second century. Is returned: From the time of the Moorish occupation probably the name on Alkaij ( existent, permanet about ) comes.
Since the Reconquista in the possession of the later first king of Portugal, Dom Afonso Henriques, was bequeathed by King Afonso III, the Knights Templar.
1971 Alcains to Vila ( town ) has been charged.
The municipality comprises only the town of Alcains.
Alcais is a stop on the Linha da Beira Baixa in the nationwide railway network.
The site is integrated with its own connection to the A23 motorway, the motorway network in the country.
Traditionally important is agriculture, especially livestock. Nationally, of reputation is the cheese of Alcains. Also the granite, which here we mined, is known.
Alcains since the advent of larger craft in the 16th century also a place in the manufacturing sector. In particular, textile, food, wood and granite processing industry is located here today. A major employer is about the clothing manufacturer Dielmar.
Sons and daughters
- Aurélio Granada Escudeiro (1920 - 2012), Bishop of Angra, in the Azores
- Ramalho Eanes ( born 1935 ), General, and from 1976 to 1986 President of Portugal
- José Manuel Tavares Castilho ( b. 1947 ), author, historian and sociologist