Urbanek played in his youth for the clubs FC TVD Slavičín, FC CET Brumov, SK Šanov and FC Zlín. His first professional station from 1997 to 1998, the second division side SK LeRK Prostějov. In early 1999 he was engaged by Sigma Olomouc. During this time, the talented midfielder has been used in the Czech U-18, U-20 and U-21 selections. However, he was considered a problematic player and was repeatedly suspended.
After five years in Olomouc Urbanek went to Spartak Moscow, for which he completed only seven games and was loaned to the 2004/05 season at Sparta Prague. Also in the 2005 /06 Spartak Moscow gave him the Slovak club FC Artmedia Bratislava. In September 2006, Urbanek joined again the club and joined for one year on loan at Slavia Prague. There he played only irregularly and could not prevail. For the season 2007/ 08 he returned to Bratislava. For the 2009/10 season Urbanek joined to the Czech first division promoted 1.FC Slovácka. After one season, he left the first FC Slovácka and went to FK Senica. After he had come in Senica in the first round of the 2011/12 season only five appearances, he moved in winter 2011 to DAC Dunajská Streda. After he had completed in the second half eleven appearances in the Corgon League for DAC, he joined in the summer of 2012 on loan to second division Slovak TJ Banik Ružiná.