Alexander Fol

Alexandar Nikolaev Fol ( Bulgarian Александър Николаев Фол; born July 3, 1933, Sofia, Bulgaria; † March 1, 2006 ) was a Bulgarian historian and Thrakologe.


In 1957, folic began the study of Ancient History at the History Department of the St. Kliment Ohridski University in Sofia, where he graduated in 1966 with a doctorate. He continued his studies later at the Collège de France in Paris and the German Archaeological Institute in Berlin continued. From 1972, he worked as a lecturer and from 1975 as a professor. From 1980 to 1986 he was Minister of Culture and Education of the People's Republic of Bulgaria. In 1986, the habilitation was. His research interests lay in the history of the classical world (Greece and Rome), the South-Eastern European and Asia Minor culture and history of Indo-European Studies. Outstanding work he did on the field of Thracology, the interdisciplinary study of the culture and history of the Thracians.

Fol was the founding director of the Institute for Thracology the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences in Sofia, which he headed from 1972 to 1992 and which today bears his name. During this time, he organized the International Congresses of Thracology in Sofia, Bucharest, Vienna, Rotterdam, Moscow and Palma de Mallorca. He was Secretary General of the International Council for the Indo-European and Thrakologische studies. At the University of Sofia, he was 1979-1987 Chair of the Department of Ancient History and Thracology the History Department and since 1991 professor of cultural history of Southeast Europe at the Faculty.

He was the founder of the Bulgarian Research Institute in Vienna and the Gymnasium for Ancient Languages ​​and Culture in Sofia. Since 1983 he was the head of the Bulgarian archaeological research project in the area of ostbulgarischen village drama, which was conducted by the German side, under the direction of Jan Lichardus from the Institute of Prehistory and Early History of the University of Saarland.

Alexandar Fol was a member of the Accademia Medicean Florence, the German Archaeological Institute and the Leibniz law firm in Berlin, and the Académie Maison Internationale des intellectuels in Paris. He has received numerous guest professorships in England, the USA, Russia, Germany, Japan, Greece, Italy, Sweden and France. His publications include, among others, 12 monographs on the Thracian political and social history, he was also editor of several journals in the field of Thracology.

Alexandar folic died of stomach cancer.

Writings (selection )

  • With Ivan Marazov: Golden track Thrace. Portrait of a non-literate high culture. Word and world Verlag, Innsbruck 1978, ISBN 3-85373-029-9.
  • The Thracian silver treasure from Rogozen, Bulgaria. Sofia 1985.
  • The Thracian Dionysus. Book 1 Zagreus. University Publishing House " St. Kliment Ohridski ", Sofia 1993.
  • Jan Lichardus, Vassil Nikolov: The Thracians. The Golden Empire of Orpheus. 23 July to 28 November 2004 Art and Exhibition Hall of the Federal Republic of Germany. Saverne, Mainz 2004, ISBN 3-8053-3341-2.

See the font directories:

  • Valeria Fol: List of publications by Alexander Fol In: Thracia 15 In honorem annorum LXX Alexandri Fol (2003 ), pp. 11-29.
  • Mariyamina Tashkova - Lapteva: List of publications by Alexander Fol 2003-2008. In: Thracia 18 In Memory of Alexander Fol ( 2009), pp. 11-13.